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Colonial America

TermDefinition
primary source an artifact from an event of information about an event recorded at the time of those events by someone with first-hand knowledge
secondary source information about events from people who have used primary or secondary sources to interpret events
settlements small communities that are started in a new place
colonies places ruled by another country not by their own people
House of Burgesses a lawmaking group in colonial Virginia, started in Jamestown in 1619. Burgesses is an English word meaning "elected representatives"
Mayflower Compact an agreement written aboard the Mayflower in which the Pilgrims agreed to form Plymouth Colony and govern themselves so that they could live peacefully
colonial regions areas in North America where different kinds of colonies developed because of differences in climate and natural features (geography). The three colonial regions were New England, Middle, and Southern regions
economy the way that a particular region or country organizes the manufacture and exchange of such things as money, food, products, and services. An economy includes a system of money and all of the businesses, industries, farms and so on
government the people and groups who are in charge of a country/area (such as a town, a colony, or a state). It makes rules and laws and has the power to see that they are obeyed
democratic controlled or run by the people themselves, with each person having an equal say. In democratic governments, people usually elect representatives to make laws for them and every person's vote counts equally
indentured servants individuals who agreed to work for a period of time in exchange for free passage from Europe
enslaved Africans people from Africa who were forced to give up their freedom and spend their lives obeying and working for their "owners" or masters. Enslaved Africans were treated as property that could be bought and sold
dilemmas situations in which a person is forced to make a choice even though there is no good choice to make
plantation a large area of privately owned land where crops were grown with the labor of workers or slaves who lived on that land.
Middle Passage the voyage or "passage" of slave traders and enslaved Africans across the Atlantic Ocean from Africa to the Americas
Williamsburg the capital town of the British colony of Virgina where the colony's government met
capitol the main government building where lawmakers meet
culture the way of life of a group of people; a group's culture includes such things as its language, beliefs, tools, types of home, and ways of working and playing
Created by: 1160885631