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US History Ch.7 Test

QuestionAnswer
Confederation Close alliance of states.
Unicamarel A one-house congress.
Shay's Rebellion An effort by farmers to protect their land from their creditors.
Articles of Confederation The first document to unite the American colonies under one government.
Treaty of Paris The official recognition of America's independence.
Ordinance of 1784 A proposal to create ten equal states in the Northwest, to ban slavery, and to give away land to settlers.
Land Ordinance of 1785 The division of the Northwest into townships for sale and development.
Northwest Ordinance of 1787 The creation of a three-stage plan to create states out of the Northwest Territory.
Newburgh Conspiracy An effort by military officers to force Congress to pay their salaries and pensions.
How was the Congress of the Confederation run? It was run by a unicamarel Congress that elected and controlled the chief executive.
Could the government under the Confederation honor its obligations under the Treaty of Paris? No. It was too weak.
What was America's single greatest contribution to political thought? The Constitution.
Why did the colonists create a weak confederation? Each colony was jealous of its power.
What principles were most strongly supported by the Articles of Confederation? Limited government.
What disputes did the Confederation settle? Western lands.
What were the townships in the Northwest supposed to use the proceeds from the sale of Section 16 on? Schools.
How much did an acre of land sell for in the Northwest Territory? $1
What was the first stage of the Northwest Ordinance? The region remained almost completely under direct control of the federal government.
What was the second stage of the Northwest Ordinance? When the region had at least five thousand free inhabitants,it became a territory. Then the people could elect a legislature and send representatives to Congress. The governor,placed by government,could veto any acts,and the representatives couldn't vote.
What was the third stage of the Northwest Ordinance? Once a territory had sixty thousand free inhabitants, it could write a state constitution and apply for admission to the Union on an equal basis with the other states. If Congress voted to admit the territory, it became a state.
Bicameral A two-house congress.
Limited Government Official restrictions on the power of the government.
Separation of Powers The division of government into branches.
Checks and Balances A balance of power between the different branches of government.
Amendment A change or addition to the Constitution.
Federalism The division of power between national and state levels of government.
Electoral College The representatives who elect the president.
Popular Sovereignty Belief that the ultimate source of governmental power is vested in the people.
The Federalist A collection of essays supporting the Constitution.
Annapolis Convention An effort to settle trade disputes between the colonies.
Constitutional Convention An effort to solve the weakness of the Confederation.
By giving each state an equal vote, the Senate benefits whom? Smaller or larger states? Smaller.
Did the Three-Fifths Compromise include a provision to outlaw slavery within 20 years of the ratification of the Constitution? No. It decided how slaves would be counted in regards to representation.
What did the framers of the Constitution recognize about the nature of man? It was and is sinful.
What did Madison promise before he ratified the Constitution? He promised to introduce a Bill of Rights.
What is the name we sue for the introduction to the Constitution that begins with "We the people...?" The Preamble to the Constitution.
What constitutional principle supports the division of power between the national and and state levels of government? Federalism.
What was the governor of New York's signature on his articles denouncing the Constitution? "Cato."
What was the most important accomplishment of the Annapolis Convention? Calling a new convention to remedy the weakness of the Confederation.
Whose ideas provided much of the framework for the Constitution? James Madison.
What issue did not require a major debate in the Constitutional Convention? Power of the Executive.
Which state refused to participate in the Constitutional Convention and was the last of the original states to ratify the Constitution? Rhode Island.
What bicameral plan did the large states support at the Constitutional Convention? Virginia Plan.
What were the opponents of ratifying the Constitution called? Anti-Federalists.
What Christian statesman presented the compromise that broke the deadlock over representative in the Constitution? Roger Sherman.
What region was most concerned about granting the federal government control over trade? South.
What were the 3 provisions of the trade agreement reached by the Constitutional Convention? 1)Congress had power over foreign trade. 2)Congress did not impose export taxes on states 3)Congress had power over interstate commerce
In the original Constitution, which person or group of people was elected directly by the people? Members of the House of Representatives.
Who said, "Thus I consent, Sir to this Constitution because I expect no better, and because I am not sure, that it is not best"? Benjamin Franklin.
Who were the authors of The Federalist Papers? James Madison, John Jay, Alexander Hamilton.
Be able to describe the ways that the Constitution expressed the principle popular sovereignty. Representation and amendment. Elected officials. Amendments offer popular support.
Created by: Raxiqwerty