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Egypt Vocabulary

History

TermDefinition
daiu A type of loin cloth worn by Egyptian men
mummy A body that has been preserved and wrapped in linen
shadoof Used for raising water to irrigate land
obelisk A tall tapering pillar with carvings on it telling about a pharaoh, usually set near a temple
sphinx Any ancient Egyptian statue having a lions body and the head of a human ram or hawk
pyramid A huge triangular shaped monument of ancient Egypt built around a tomb
papyrus. A paper like material made from a reed
embalming To treat a dead body with preservatives to prevent it from decaying
polytheism The belief that there are many gods
monotheism The belief that there is one god
pharaoh. A ruler of ancient Egypt believed to be gods
alliance A bond between families, states or other groups to further their common interests
dynasty A family or group that rules for several generations
artesian A crafts person
peasant A person who does farm work for wealthy land owners
Egypt agriculture. crops such as wheat, barley, flax which was made into linen, papyus and grain
mummification. process in which the skin and flesh of a corpse can be preserved
The Book of the Dead. a body of texts known to the Ancient Egyptians as the Spells for Going Forth by Day that included a collection of spells which enable the soul of the deceased to navigate the afterlife
unification. result of bringing or coming together into or as if into a single unit or group. Example: the conquest of Lower Egypt by Upper Egypt
Hieroglyphics. formal writing system used in Ancient Egypt to record keep
importance of the Nile River provided fertile land, good for growing crops. The three most important crops were wheat, flax, and papyrus
Egyptian Calendar solar with a 365-day year, only 3 seasons
Geography of Ancient Egypt desert and Nile river
Traditional economy bartering of crops
Kush Had good soil for farming, without the necessary flooding on which Egypt had to depend. ... was invaded by Egyptian forces in 591 B.C.
Nubian group of Africans who originate from the early inhabitants of the central Nile valley, believed to be one of the earliest cradles of civilization.
Kerma the forgotten kingdom
Meroe where iron production occurred
Created by: oesterj