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Constitution

From Articles to Bill of Rights

QuestionAnswer
The power to govern comes from the people Popular sovereignty
The people elect representatives to make laws and conduct government republicanism
The powers of the national government are distributed among three branches of government Separation of powers
The President and all other government officials must obey the law like all American citizens Limited Government
Power is divided between a central government and smaller political units, such as states Federalism
Each branch of government can exercise checks, or controls over the other branches Checks and balances
Guarantee of personal liberties and rights Individual rights
The chief executive of the federal government President
The legislative branch of government is called Congress
The highest court of the judicial branch is called the Supreme Court
Laws for the United States are made by Congress
The number of representatives a state gets depends on the number of people it has
Tax bills may only be written by the House of Representatives
Congress may override a President's veto by 2/3 vote of both houses
Questions about interpreting the Constitution are settled by the Supreme Court
The courts may not take a person's life or put in jail without due process
Invoking the Fifth Amendment means that an accused person refuses to testify against themself
Which two groups make up the Congress Senate and House of Representatives
How are members of the Supreme Court and other high offices chosen appointed by the President and confirmed by the Senate
The power of the Supreme Court to declare laws unconstitutional is an example of checks and balances
The fifteenth amendment gave which group the right to vote Black men
Judicial review is when the Supreme Court decides the Constitutionality of a law
The Bill of Rights guarantees individual rights
In 1787 Congress established a system for creating new states from western territories Through the Northwest Ordinance
One weakness of the Articles of Confederation was that it could not Levy taxes
One weakness of the Articles of Confederation is that it gave states more power than the federal government
Daniel Shays rebellion showed the weakness of the federal government under the
The significance of the Northwest Ordinance was that it created a process for the orderly growth of the new nation
The only success of the Articles of Confederation was that it created the Northwest Ordinance
The Virginia Plan wanted representation based upon population
The New Jersey Plan wanted representation based on each state having the same number of representatives
The Virginia Plan was favored by the large states
The New Jersey Plan was favored by the smaller states
The Great Compromise settled the differences between the New Jersey Plan and the Virginia Plan by having two houses in Congress
The two houses of Congress are the Senate and the House of Representatives
In the House of Representatives members are numbered by the state's population
In the Senate the number of members is equal for each state
The 3/5 Compromise counted slaves as 3/5 for population figures
Created by: Coachcarr