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SS: Early Explorers

Chapter 3

Technology the use of scientific knowledge and tools to make or do something
Navigation The science of planning and following a route.
Expedition A trip taken with the goal of exploring.
Empire A collection of lands ruled by the nation that has control of them.
Entrepreneur A person who sets up and runs a business.
Reconquista or Reconquest The movement to make Spain all Catholic.
Isthmus A narrow strip of land that connects two larger land areas.
Treaty An agreement between two countries about peace, trade, or other matters.
Grant A sum of money or other payment given for a particular purpose.
Conquistador Any of the Spanish conquerors in the Americas during the early 1500's.
Reform to change.
Missionary A religious teacher sent out by a church to spread its religion.
Northwest Passage A waterway in North America thought to connect the Atlantic Ocean and the Pacific Ocean.
Mutiny Rebellion against the leader of one's group.
Colony A land ruled by another country.
Presidio A Spanish fort.
Mission A small religious settlement.
Royal Colony A colony ruled directly by a monarchy.
Pilgrim A person who makes a journey for religious reasons.
Compact An agreement.
Benefit A reward that is gained.
Cost The effort made to achieve or gain something.
Reformation A Christian movement that began in sixteenth-century Europe as an attempt to reform the Catholic Church; resulted inthe founding of Protestantism.
Counter-Reformation A time when the Catholic Church banned books and used its courts to punish people who protested Catholic ways.
Created by: debiza