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American Revolution

The road to the Revolution & Battles

What announcement from Parliament state colonists couldn't settle west of Appalachian Mountains? Proclamation Act (1763)
What forced colonists to house troop and provide supplies for them? Quartering Act (1765)
What taxed all printed goods? Stamp Act (1765)
Why were the colonists angry about the Proclamation Act of 1763? They were afraid Great Britain wanted control
How did colonists react to the Quartering Act? Upset because G.B. should have asked and they were suspicious of a standing army.
What act was repealed (taken back) by Great Britain and replaced with Townshend Acts? Stamp Act
Which act placed indirect tax on glass, lead and paper? Townshend Act
These were search warrants issued by Great Britain. Writs of Assistance
Why did Great Britain issue the writs of assistance? To search for smuggled goods.
This is the event where British troops fired at colonists. Boston Massacre
the first colonist killed at the Boston Massacre Crispus Attucks
Act stating tea could only be purchased by British East India Tea Company Tea Act (1773)
This was a protest of the Tea Act where Sons of Liberty dumped tea in the harbor Boston Tea Party
This was punishment of Boston Tea Party - closed the port, outlawed committees of correspondence, ended town meetings Intolerable/Coercive Acts (1774)
Most colonies met and decided to boycott trade with G.B., trained troops and determined to protect colonial rights First Continental Congress
The first battle of Revolutionary War Lexington and Concord
Known as "Great Charter" that guaranteed individuals the right to a fair trial by jury and stated King needs consent before imposing taxes Magna Carta (1215)
England agreement to guarantee trial by jury, right to petition Parliament, and freedom of speech. English Bill of Rights (1689)
Virginia's elected representative government. House of Burgesses
Pilgrims agree to self-government and majority rule Mayflower Compact
Written by Thomas Hooker and based on individual rights of citizens; first colonial constitution; allowed non-church members to vote. Fundamental Orders of Connecticut
Fought for land and money from fur trading French/Indian War
during this time the colonies became strong and independent because they were ignored salutary neglect
colonist opinion that they should not be taxed without an representation in government taxation without representation
non-violent means of protest buying British goods boycott
a group of colonists that staged protests, such as Boston Tea Party Sons of Liberty
groups that wrote letters to other colonists to keep interest up concerning British Parliament committees of correspondence
armed colonists who volunteered to defend community militia/minutemen
supporter of the American Revolution patriot
supporter of the Great Britain/King loyalist
formed the Continental Army and controlled it, formed committees to acquire supplies and sought foreign aid Second Continental Congress
bloodiest battle of the revolution Bunker Hill
mercenaries/hired German soldiers Hessians
pamphlet written by Thomas Paine to convince colonists that a break with Britain was necessary Common Sense
listed grievances, influenced by John Locke, written by Thomas Jefferson and declared Independence Declaration of Independence
a complaint to the King grievance
given at birth and unable to be taken away (life, liberty and pursuit of happiness) unalienable rights
battle for independence (1775-1781) American Revolution
commanded by George WashingtonBattles of Saratoga and started by 2nd Continental Congress Continental Army
written by Thomas Paine to encourage soldiers American Crisis
France became an ally and it was the turning point of the war Battles of Saratoga
Washington attacked Hessians in New Jersey Crossing the Delaware
1/4 of Colonial soldiers died from malnutrition, exposure and disease; symbolic of great hardships endured in Revolution; Washington took troops to rest Valley Forge
last major battle of American Revolution Yorktown
surrendered to George Washington at Yorktown Cornwallis
a slave turned double spy that gave important information to Washington to help defeat Cornwallis at Yorktown Armistead
believed in "life, liberty and pursuit of happiness" , influenced writing of Declaration of Independence John Locke
organized a series of protests Samuel Adams
Her letters gave insight into life during revolution Abigail Adams
led debate for independence and defended those soldiers in Boston Massacare John Adams
organized opponents of England and taxes throughout colonies. committee of correspondence
considered best orator in America; convinced House of Burgesses to support the war with his "Give me liberty or give me death" speech Patrick Henry
the first African American elected to public office in America; he fought in Saratoga Wentworth Cheswell
a soldier volunteer from France that helped train soldiers in Continental Army Marquis de Lafayette
he help finance Washington's campaign to fight in the American Revolution; he gave loans to the government ; successful Jewish merchant and banker Haym Solomon
commanded Spanish troops against the British and gave supplies to colonists Bernardo de Galvez
Commander of Bonhomme Richard in Navy; won the first victory for an American warship; "I've not yet begun to fight!" John Paul Jones
Created by: Coachcarr