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Genetics & Cells

Study Stack File

QuestionAnswer
Heredity the passing on of physical or mental characteristics genetically from one generation to another
Purebread Same color
Trait Characteristic
Meiosis a type of cell division that results in four daughter cells, each having half the number of chromosomes of the parent cell
Haploid having a single set of unpaired chromosomes
Diploid containing two complete sets of chromosomes, one from each parent
Hybrid an organism that has different alleles for a trait
Phenotype physical features
Genotype genetic makeup
Offspring an organisms child
Alleles different forms of a gene
Homozygous same traits
Heterozygous different traits
Mutation a change in a gene or chromosome
Sex-Linked Genes genes on the X and Y chromosome
Carrier a person that has one recessive allele for a recessive trait and one dominant allele
Sex Chromosomes are one of the 23 pairs of chromosomes in each body cell
Pedigree Family tree/chart that tracks which members of a family have a particular trait
Selective Breedings selecting organisms with a desired trait to be the parent of the offspring
Inbreeding crossing two individuals that have the similar characteristcs
Hybridization breeders cross two genetically different individuals
Genetic Engineering genes from one organism are transferred into the DNA of another organism
Gene Therapy inserting copies of gene directly into a person's cells
Hybrid an organism with 2 different alleles as a trait
Gene set of information that controls a trait
Dominant an allele that always shows up when the allele is present
Recessive an allele that is masked when the dominant allele is present
Insertion addition of one or more
Deletion mutation where part of a chromosome or DNA is missing
Substitution a mutation where one base pair is replaced with a different base pair
Genetic Disorder abnormal condition that a person inherits through genes/chromosomes
Clone an identical (genetically) that is a replica to the organism it came from
Created by: ReignsGirl