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Unit Three Vocab

Civics

TermDefinition
Political party An organization with similar political aims and opinions. (seeking to influence the public)
Two-Party System two major political parties dominate politics within a government.
Third Party of or relating to a person or group besides the two primarily involved in a situation
Platform the declared policy of a political party or group.
Caucus a group of people with shared concerns within a political party or larger organization.
Political Machine political organization in which an authoritative boss or small group commands the support of a corps of supporters and businesses (usually campaign workers), who receive rewards for their efforts.
Direct Primary An election in which voters choose candidates to run on a party's ticket in a subsequent election for public office.
Closed Primary limited to registered party members, who must declare their party affiliation in order to vote.
Open Primary a primary election in which voters are not required to declare party affiliation.
Plurality the number of votes cast for a candidate who receives more than any other but does not receive an absolute majority.
Majority the greater number. OR the age when a person is legally considered a full adult, in most contexts either 18 or 21.
Petition a formal written request, typically one signed by many people, appealing to authority with respect to a particular cause.
Polling Place location where voting is carried out
Ballot list of candidates on which you cast your vote.
Absentee Ballot Citizens who cannot get to the polls on Election Day can vote by Absentee Ballots.
Returns The results from counting the votes
Exit Poll When news media ask you how you voted while leaving the polling place.
Electorate All the people who are eligible to vote
Proposition A proposed law.
Referendum a way for citizens to approve or reject a state or local law
Recall another type of special elec- tion. In a recall, citizens in some states can vote to remove a public official from office
Propaganda an attempt to promote a particular person or idea.
Political Action Committee (PAC) organizations set up by interest groups especially to collect money to support favored candidates.
Soft Money unlimited amounts of money for general purposes, not designated to particular candidates.
Public opinion the ideas and attitudes that most people hold about a particular issue or person. Public opinion plays a key role in a democracy.
Mass Media (Television, radio, newspapers, magazines, recordings,movies, Internet Web sites, and books)They communicate broadly to masses of people.
Interest Group individuals who share a point of view about an issue sometimes unite to promote their beliefs.
Public opinion poll A more accurate measure is to request individuals answer questions in a survey.
Pollster measures the president’s popularity or public attitudes toward possible White House proposals, such as a tax increase or change in immigration policy.
Survey a general view, examination, or description of someone or something. - political opinion poll
Print Media Newspapers, magazines, newsletters, and books
Electronic Media radio, television, and the Internet. In the United States, most media outlets are private businesses, run to make a profit.
Public Agenda the ones that receive the most time, money, and effort from government leaders make up what is often
Prior restraint government censorship of material before it is published
Malice evil intent—meaning that the publisher either knew that the material was false or showed a reckless disregard for the truth.
Regulatory managing, commission of the federal bureaucracy.
Nonpartisan impartial, group that educates voters about candidates and issues
Lobbyist representatives of interest groups who con- tact lawmakers or other government officials directly.
Created by: jessicagibson
 

 



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