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AC - Ch.12 WWI

Am. Cultures - Ch.12 WWI

TermDefinition
Allies Made up of Russia, France, Serbia, and Great Britain in WWI
American Expeditionary Force (AEF) Name given to American troops in Europe in WWI
Militarism Policy of aggressively building up a nation's armed forces in preparation for war and giving the military more authority over the government and foreign policy
Mobilization The readying of troops for war
Central Powers Made up of Germany and Austria-Hungary (and later the Ottoman Empire - now known as Turkey) in WWI
Stalemate Situation in which neither side is able to gain the advantage
Autocrat A ruler with unlimited power
Propaganda Information intended to sway public opinion
U-boat German submarine used to attack and sink the Lusitania and other neutral ships (or ships suspected of carrying weapons and/or ammunition to British ports)
Sussex pledge A promise made by the German government in 1916 that its U-boats would warn ships before attacking
Zimmerman note Telegram sent by Germany's foreign secretary in 1917 to Mexican officials proposing an alliance with Mexico and promising U.S. territory if Mexico declared war on the U.S.
Russian Revolution of 1917 Collapse of the czar's government in Russia, after which the Russian monarchy was replaced with a republican government
Selective Service Act Law passed in 1917 authorizing a draft of young men for military service in WWI
Convoy Group of unarmed ships surrounded by a ring of destroyers, torpedo boats, and other armed naval vessels equipped with hydrophones to track and destroy submarines; This is how American troops were transported to Europe during WWI
Zeppelins German floating airships
Armistice Cease-fire or truce
Genocide Organized killing of an entire people
Liberty Bond Special war bonds sold by the government to support the Allied cause during WWI
Price controls System of pricing determined by the government; President Hoover imposed these on the sale of food during WWI (in attempts to conserve food for the military)
Rationing Distributing goods to consumers in a fixed amount
Daylight Saving Time Turning clocks ahead 1 hour for the summer; This increased the number of daylight hours available for work, reduced the need for artificial light, and lowered fuel consumption
Sedition Any speech or action that encourages rebellion
Vigilante Citizens who take the law into their own hands (often by lynching and horsewhipping others)
Fourteen Points President Wilson's proposal in 1918 for a postwar European peace
Self-determination The power to make decisions about one's own future
Spoils Rewards, such as money or land, gained through military victory
League of Nations International organization formed after WWI that aimed to ensure security and peace for all its members
Reparations Payment from an enemy for economic injury suffered during a war
Treaty of Versailles A treaty signed by Germans at Versailles (the former home of French kings) outside of Paris on the 11th hour of the 11th day of November 1919, which put an end to WWI
Created by: tmgilbert
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