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US History Unit 3

Review cards for Unit 3 of US History

QuestionAnswer
What were the main terms of the Articles of Confederations? Self-ruling states;freedom of interstate movement; One vote per state;Only fed. gov can establish trade, declare war, etc; Congress serves as court for pirates, disputes between states, also sets weights, measures;accepted past debts
On what points did parties agree to the new constitution and on what points did they disagree? Anti-federalists: opposed creation of stronger US gov. opposed ratification of constitution. against idea of a president, for fear he'd devolve into king. Thought central gov would threaten sovereignty of the states. Thought current articles to be fine.
What compromises had to be made to ratify the new constitution (replace the Articles of Confederation)? President would choose judges and senate confirmed or denied them. 3/5 compromise. If no candidate got majority of electoral votes, house chose president, but states voted as block. Stronger fugitive slave laws in exchange for regulation of state trade.
What were the views of Thomas Jefferson and Alexander Hamilton on the role of the Federal government?
What points of disagreement existed among the new nation's leaders concerning the new nation's relationships with Britain and France?
What issues led to the development of political parties in the United States ?
What is the concept of "judicial review"?
What was the outcome of the election of 1800? What was the significance of the election of 1800?
What was the attitude of the two political parties toward the French Revolution? How were these reactions significant?
Describe the attitudes of the Federalists (be sure to look at government's role in the economy as well as how much power the government should have).
Describe the attitudes of the Jeffersonian - Republicans. (be sure to look at government's role in the economy as well as how much power the government should have).
Why was the "Bill of Rights" included in the constitution? To protect the rights of the people
What were the "Federalist Papers" and why were they written?
What was the role of the House of Representatives? the Senate? Which seemed to be more closely connected to "the people"?
What "checks and balances" were built into the new constitution? Why were they included?
What was the role of delegates to the Constitutional Convention? What were some of the major issues facing the delegates?
What issues did the Great Compromise settle? It settled how many votes each state got in the senate, and that the lower house would have one vote per 40,000 people, counting slaves as 3/5 a person. Money bills originate in the house, not the senate. Senators weren't appointed by state legislatures
What were the weaknesses of the Articles of Confederation? Congress had no power over the states; military was weak, lacked troops from states; Congress couldn't obtain money from states (they could only ask). This caused them to print their own money, leading to inflation; States controlled their trade policies
Created by: GailLeonard