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The First People
|The study of the ancient and recent past through what people leave behind
|Belief in one god
|Belief in more than one god
|Rejection of any god; gods do not exist
|Systematic murder of a large group of people who belong to a special race, political or cultural group.
|An organized system of beliefs used to worship a god or group of gods as well as to explain the cause and nature of the universe
|What goes around comes around
|the belief that the soul, upon death of the body, comes back to earth in another body or form.
|(Hinduism) the endless cycle of birth, death, and rebirth. (Buddhism) the transmigration or rebirth of a person
|Having the characteristics of a city or town
|Practice of farming, cultivating soil, producing crops, and raising livestock.
|Advanced stat of human society that possesses culture, science, government and industry.
|People who move from place to place instead of having a permanent residence
|human history in the period before recorded events, known mainly through archaeological discoveries, study, research, etc.
|Ancient times or ancient past
|Objects created by and used by humans
|A part of an imprint of something that was once alive
|The study of the past
|Lived in the prehistoric era
|Early ancestors of humans
|1st hominid bones discovered in
|In 1974___________was discovered
|Lived more than _________years ago
|Bones showed she walked
|on two legs
|Not a tree
|Found in 1991
|3350 BC and 3100 BC
|Provided insight in daily life
|Clothing and weapons
|Form of combat used
|What kind of metal used
|Copper was used
|Earliest tools found in
|Age of earliest tools found
|2.6 millions years old
|Tools were mostly used to
|process food,cut food,rake meat off of bones
|Overtime tools advanced
|Hand Ax,started using flint – sharper an easier to mold,spears
|Before Christ-all years before the 1st century-count backwards
|After Death - all years from 1 and forward
|Before Common Era
|After Common Era
|He focused on the solar year
|Over 4 million years ago
|Small brain, ape-like features, walked upright on two feet.
|200,000 years ago, brain enlarged, more use of arm & hands, slow rise of speech, and ability to invent symbols
|100,000 years ago, Modern humans, lived in Africa, devised better ways to hunt & eat, large brains.
|Name 3 human advancement
|Speech primitive grants, hand movements, belief in afterlife-early burial practices
|Earliest date back 12,000 years ago. Shows aspects of early society, engraved or painted
|Floors, walls and ceilings of caves may have been made by
|Ice Age & Migration
|Began 2 million years ago, Tundra, land was locked in ice, seas lowered, created land bridges.
|The development of the calendar
|Extended to 365 days, 5, hours and 48 minutes.
|created every 4 years
|What resulted in population across the earth and allowed continents to be inhabited .
|Ice Age & Migration
|When ice melted about 10,000 years ago
|If left people stranded as the sea levels rose.
|Moved to where climate and hunting was favorable.
|Who lived in caves or rock shelters
|Until 10,000 - 12,000 years ago
|Hunting & Gathering societies reigned
|Where did the future lie for the Nomadic societies
|Farming and flock-keeping
|Where did the Nomadic societies settle
|Where the land and games were plentiful
|What animals were easily domesticated
|Sheep, goats and cattle
|What lead to villages
|Name 6 characteristics of civilization
|Complex way of life, urban settlements, agriculture, centers of population, unique architecture and written language.
|What does archaeology do
|explores places where people lived, places where people fought, buildings, examine jewelry, dishes, weapons
|Why is archaeology important
|Help to understand history, explains past cultures, show the record of combined human effort, uncovers fossils, artifacts, explains time periods before written words.