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Explorers

TermDefinition
motivating forces gold, natural resources, trade (economic); spread of Christianity (religious); competing for an empire (competition)
obstacles poor maps and navigational tools, disease, starvation, lack of supplies, fear of unknown
accomplishments exchange of goods and ideas, claimed new lands, improved maps and navigational tools
Hernando de Soto sailed for Spain - looking for Fountain of Youth - first to find the mouth of the Mississippi River
Henry Hudson sailed for England - Looking for waterway from Europe to Asia (Northwest Passage), mutiny on board and died at sea, river and bay in New York named for him
John Cabot looking for Northwest Passage but found land in Canada - sailed for England
Vasco Nunez de Balboa sailed for Spain - looking for pearls and gold - first to see the Pacific and claim land in South America
Jacques Cartier sailed for France - looking for Northwest Passage - discovered and named St Lawrence river, named land Canada
Christopher Columbus sailed for Spain - wanted to go east by sailing west - found new land (San Salvador)
technology scientific knowledge and tools
King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella paid for Columbus's voyage because they hoped he would find riches, such as gold
During Hudson's last voyage, his crew set him adrift at sea
mutiny rebel against the leader
positive effects of exploration introduced to new foods, medicines, and skills Native Americans taught Europeans how to grow corn, squash, pumpkins, and beans Europeans taught Native Americans how to use cattle, pigs and horses for farming trade
negative effects of exploration spread diseases some Europeans forced Native Americans to work for them some Europeans forced their culture and religion on Native Americans
costs of expeditions loss of equipment, death, loss of money
benefits of exploration riches, new lands, new ideas, wealth, fame
Created by: evananna
 

 



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