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Unit 2 Vocabulary

Enumerated powers given to the federal government only
Concurrent those powers shared by the national and state governments
Executive Branch branch of government that enforces the laws
Preamble the introduction to the Constitution that states the goals for government
Amendment any change to the Constitution
Separation of Powers the idea that government should be divided into 3 branches to avoid abuse of power
Charters of the VA Company established that the rights of Englishmen would be guaranteed to the colonists
Reserved Powers powers given to state governments only
Virginia Declaration of Rights served as the model for the Bill of Rights of the U.S. Constitution
Legislative Branch branch of government that makes the laws
Ratification to approve. The Constitution was ratified June 1788
Declaration of Independence established and listed the unalienable rights of all men; colonial grievances against the King; the idea of equality under the law; and the colonies' independence from Great Britain
Judicial Branch the branch of government that interprets the law
Articles of Confederation established the first form of national government for the independent states, allowing the states to keep the major powers of the government
Articles the 7 sections of the Constitution following the Preamble
Constitution established structure of the present national government of the United States
Virginia Statute of Religious Freedom established freedom of religious benefits and opinions, serving as the basis for part of the First Amendment to the Constitution
Checks and Balances a system in which each branch of government is able to limit the power of the other branches
Shay's Rebellion one of the final events proving the weakness of the Articles of Confederation and leading to the convention to revise the Articles
Created by: Jirachimeloetta