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Civil War

Civil War and Reconstruction Unit 1

Civil War and Reconstruction: Unit 1 Test Review
Secession-formal withdrawal of a state from the union Popular Sovereignty-when states in the Union decide whether to be slave states or free states
Carpetbagger-Northerners who moved to the South after the war Scalawags-white Southerners who joined the Republican Party
Sharecropping-system in which landowners divided their land and assigned each head of households a few acres along with the seed and tools
Missouri Compromise Conditions:
1. Maine admitted as free state 2. Missouri admitted as slave state
3. No slavery allowed north of southern border of Missouri
Compromise of 1850 Provisions:
1. California admitted as a free state 2. New strict and harsh fugitive slave law
3. Popular sovereignty in New Mexico and Utah territories
Economic structure of the North: Stronger economy, industrial workers and manufactured goods
Economic structure of the South: Main product was cotton, slaves were used to help produce it - South was dependent on North for many goods
Kansas Nebraska Act Provisions: Repealed the Missouri Compromise line and popular sovereignty in Kansas & Nebraska
Election of 1860 as tipping point of Civil War: Lincoln wins election without majority of popular vote, wasn’t on most Southern ballots, and he didn’t win any of the slave states
Border States - slave states that remained in the Union: Missouri, Maryland, Delaware, Kentucky
Lincoln’s primary goal during the Civil War: To restore the Union
Anaconda Plan The Union’s plan to stop the rebellion
South advantages during the Civil War: 1. King Cotton 2. First rate Generals 3. Highly motivated troops
Emancipation Proclamation: All slaves in those states currently in rebellion against the US were free
Gettysburg as a turning point of the Civil War: Defeats at Gettysburg and Vicksburg cost the South much of its limited manpower and they were no longer able to attack.
Goals of the Ku Klux Klan: Destroy the Republican Party
Throw out the Reconstruction Governments Aid the planter class
Prevent African Americans from exercising their political rights Used violence to accomplish this (murdered over 20,000)
Events leading to Fading Reconstruction Support: Breakdown of Republican union
Series of back failures (Panic of 1873) triggered a 5 year depression (diverted attention to the North) Supreme Court began to undo social and political changes the Republicans had made
Events helping Democrats “Redeem” the South: Congress passed the Amnesty Act (1872) which returned the right to vote and hold political office to 150,000 former Confederates Congress allowed the Freedman’s Bureau to expire (1872)
Created by: 100006302139264