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civics chapter 7


electoral college a group of people named by each state legislature to select the president and vice president
elector person appointed to vote in presidential elections for the major candidates
executive order a rule or command that has the force of law
pardon a declaration of forgiveness and freedom from punishment
reprieve an order to delay a person's punishment until a higher court can hear the case
amnesty a pardon to a group of people
foreign policy a nations overall plan for dealing with other nations
national security the ability to keep the country safe from attack or harm
treaty a formal agreement between the governments of two or more countries
executive agreement an agreement between the president and the leader of another country
ambassador an official representative of a country's government
trade sanction an effort to punish another nation by imposing trade barriers
embargo an agreement among a group of nations that prohibits them all from trading with a target nation
cabinet a group of advisers to the president that includes the heads of 15 top level executive departments
federal bureaucracy the collective agencies and employees of the executive branch
independent agency federal board or commission that is not part of any cabinet department
government corporation a business owned and operated by the federal government
political appointee a person appointed to a federal position by the president
civil service worker person hired into a government position
civil service system the practice of hiring government workers on the bases of open, competitive examinations and merit
spoils system rewarding people with government jobs on the basis of their political support
merit system hiring people into government jobs on the basis of their qualifications
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