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chap 9 & 10

ap history

Among the important social changes brought about by the American Revolution was the abolition of slavery everywhere except in South Carolina and Georgia
A major new political innovation that emerged in the Revolutionary era was the idea of a written constitution drafted by a convention and ratified by direct vote of the people.
Despite the Revolution’s emphasis on human rights and equality, the Founding Fathers failed to abolish slavery because of their fear that a fight over slavery would destroy fragile national unity.
The ideal of republican motherhood that emerged from the American Revolution held that women had a special responsibility to cultivate the civic virtues of republicanism in their children.
The fundamental difference between ordinary laws and a constitution that emerged from the American Revolution was that ordinary laws described specific illegal acts, while a constitution granted positive rights.
One way that American independence actually harmed the nation’s economic fortunes was by cutting off American trade with the British empire.
Attempts to establish strong governments in post-Revolutionary America were seriously hindered by the fear that a strong government would suppress economic development.
8. The first U.S. government of the Articles of Confederation was finally approved when b. land-rich states like Virginia and New York agreed to hand over their lands to the new government for the common benefit.
9. The greatest weakness of the government under the Articles of Confederation was that e. it had no power to regulate commerce or collect taxes from the sovereign states.
10. The Northwest Ordinance of 1787 provided that a. the states should retain permanent control of their western lands.
11. Shays’s Rebellion contributed greatly to the movement for a new constitution by b. raising the fear of anarchy and disorder among wealthy conservatives.
12. Besides George Washington, the most influential delegates to the Constitutional Convention were d. Benjamin Franklin, James Madison, and Alexander Hamilton.
13. The Great Compromise, finally agreed to by the Constitutional Convention, provided that d. there would be representation by population in the House of Representatives but equal representation of all states in the Senate.
14. Antifederalists generally found their greatest support among e. the poorer debtors and farmers.
15. The crucial federalist successes in the fight for ratification occurred in the states of b. Massachusetts, Virginia, and New York.
New name for the Anglican Church after it was disestablished and de- Anglicized in Virginia and elsewhere protestant episcopal church
The idea that American women had a special responsibility to cultivate civic virtue in their children republican motherhood
A type of special assembly, originally developed in Massachusetts, for drawing up a fundamental law that would be superior to ordinary law constitutional convention
The first constitutional government of the United States articles of confederation
Created by: maryearrey