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Chapter 13 Vocab

AP Government - Chapter 13 Vocabulary

Chapter 13 TermsDefinitions
Bureaucracy A large complex organization composed of appointed officials. The department and agencies of the U.S. government make up the federal bureaucracy.
Spoils System Another phrase for political patronage, that is the practice of giving the fruits of a party's victory, such as jobs and contracts, to the loyal members of that party.
Laissez-faire An economic theory that government should not regulate or interfere with commerce.
Discretionary authority The extent to which appointed bureaucrats can choose courses of action and make policies that are not spelled out in advace by laws.
Competitive Service The government offices to which people are appointed on the grounds of merit as ascertained by a written examination or by having met certain selection criteria.
Name request Job A job to be filled by a person whom a government agency has identified by name.
Iron Triangle A close relationship between any agency, a congressional committee and an interest group, that often becomes a mutually advantageous alliance.
Issue Network A network of people in Washington-based interest groups, on congressional staffs, in universities and think tankes, and in the mass media, who regularly discuss and advocate public policies.
Authorization legislation Legislative permission to begin or continue a government program or agency. An authorization bill may grant permission to spend a certain sum of money, but that money does not ordinarily become available, unless it is appropriated.
Appropriation A legislative grant of money to finance a government program.
Trust Funds Funds for government programs that are collected and spent ouside the regular government budget; the amounts are determined by preexisting law rather than by annual appropriations.
Committee Clearance The ability of a congressional committee to review and approve certain agency decisions in advance and without passing a law. Such approval is not legally binding on the agency, but few agency heads will ignore the expressed wishes of committees.
Legislative Veto The rejection of a presidential or administrative agency action by a vote of one or both houses of Congress without the consent of the president. Unconstitutional
Red Tape Complex bureaucratic rules and procedures that must be followed to get something done.
Created by: monkeykist