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chapter 6

bicameral a legislature consisting of two parts, or houses
census a population count taken by the census Bureau
constituent a person form a legislature's district
gerrymander an oddly shaped election district designed to increase the voting strength of a particular group
majority party in both the house of representatives and the senate, the political party to which more than half the members belong
minority party in both the house of representatives and the senate, the political party to which fewer than half the members belong
standing committee permanent committee that continues work from session in its congress
expressed powers powers that congress has that are specifically listed in the constitution
implied powers powers that congress has that are not stated explicitly in the constitution
writ of habeas corpus a court order that requires police to bring a prisoner to court to explain why they are holding a person
bill of attainder a law that punishes a person accused of a crime without a trial or a fair hearing in court
ex post facto law a law that would allow a person to be punished for an action that was not against the law when it was committed
franking privilege the right of senators and representatives to send job-related mail without paying postage
lobbyist representative of an interest group who contracts lawmakers or other government officials directly to influence their policy making
casework the work that a lawmaker does to help constituents with a problem
pork-barrel projects government projects grand that primarily benefits the home district or state
joint resoultion a resolution that is passed by both house congress
special-interest group an organization of people with some common interest who try to influence government decisions
filibuster a tactic for defending a bill in the senate by taking until the bill's sponsor withdraws it
cloture a procedure used in the senate to limit debate on a bill
voice vote a voting in which those in favor say "yea" and those against say "no"
standing vote in congresses, when members stand to be counted for a vote on a bill
roll-call vote a voting method in the senate in which members in which members voice their votes in turn
veto refusal to sign a bill or resolution
pocket veto presidents power to kill a bill, if congress is not in session, by not signing it for 10 days
elastic clause clause in article 1, section 8 of the constitution that gives congress the right to make all laws "necessary and proper" to carry out its expressed powers
Created by: stephanieroel1