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Global Studies 9

Latins Group of people who lived on a plain south of the Tiber River...Rome grew from these settlements
Etruscans Tribe of people who lived north of the Tiber River whose kings ruled Romans for more then a century (more advanced then Latins)
Republic A form of government where the power rests with the citizens who have the right to vote to elect their own representatives
Patricians Wealthy, land-owning Senate members
Consul Two were elected each year by the Senate to rule Rome.
Dictators One who has complete power in time of emergency.
Plebeians The poor, common people
Laws of the 12 Tables These laws stated that all citizens were equal under the law, innocence until proven guilty, right to face accusers and defend yourself, guilt must be clearly established, and all decisions are based on fairness.
Tribunes Officials elected by the Plebeians
Senate Roman legislature that was made up of Senators who served for life
Veto The power to stop or block a law from passing...Tribunes had this
Mercenaries People who fought without being payed
Legion Basic military unit made up of about 5,000 men
The Punic Wars Series of wars between Carthage and Rome
Hannibal Great Carthaginian soldier and leader during The Punic Wars
Scipio Roman general, defeated Hannibal's army at Zama ending the Second Punic War
Imperialism Establishing control over foreign lands and or people
Provinces Different territories within a nation or empire
Mare Nostrum “Our Sea.” The Romans believed the Mediterranean Sea belonged solely to them
Latifundia Roman estates where slaves worked.
Tiberius and Gaius Gracchus Brothers who were the first to attempt reform...eventually became tribunes and were later killed
Cicero Philosopher, politician, and defender of law
Julius Caesar Became ruler of Rome after assassinating Cicero, and Pompey stepped down, Plebeians loved him, made many reforms that helped the plebeians, had many enemies in the senate and the Republic, Assassinated by the senate
Triumvirate Rule by 3 people
Pompey Famous general and part of First Triumverate (Crassus and Caesar) to rule Rome
Gaul Territory conquered by Caesar...modern day France
"veni vidi vici" After conquering Gaul (modern-day France), Caesar returned to Rome and said this Latin phrase. It means “I came, I saw, I conquered.”
The Julian Calendar Set up under Caesar. It became the official calendar of Rome and was based off of Egyptian astronomical knowledge.
Mark Antony One of Caesar's chief generals, defeated by Octavian while hunting down murderers and killed himself.
Octavian/Augustus a relative of Caesar’s who gained power after Caesar’s assassination.
Princeps Means "first citizen"...name given to Octavian by people
Caligula Insane emperor who demanded people call him a God...killed by his own guards
Nero Bad Roman Emperor...sat by idly as Rome burned for 9 days destroying half the city.
Hadrian Good Roman leader...built new buildings, lowered taxes, passed laws benefitting women, children, and slaves
Marcus Aurelius The last Pax Romana king. He was one of the “good” emperors.
Pax Romana Roman Peace. Period of about 200 years of Roman flourishment from 27 B.C. to 180 A.D.
Gladiators Fighters who fought at the Coliseum
Greco-Roman Civilization The new civilization/culture formed when the Hellenistic and Roman civilizations/cultures blended and became one.
Satarize Make fun of Roman society through poems
Pantheon A famous building in Rome. Exemplifies Roman architecture
Engineering The art of construction and building. The Romans engineered roads, bridges, and harbors.
Aqueducts Architectural structures that carried fresh water into Rome
Galen Greek doctor who advanced the frontiers of medical science by insisting on experiments to prove a conclusion
Pliny the Elder Roman Scientist who complied volumes on geography, zoology, botany, and other topics
Civil Law The area of law in a common law system in one country
The Law of Nations The area of law between nations, internationally
Created by: gmottola