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AC-Ch 10 Imperialism

Am. Cultures - Ch.10 Imperialism

Imperialism Policy of a stronger nation attempting to create an empire by dominating weaker countries - economically, politically, culturally or militarily
Yellow Journalism Media coverage of an event that uses wild exaggerations
Great White Fleet A force of U.S. navy ships that undertook a world cruise in 1907 to demonstrate the U.S.'s impressive naval power to other nations
Arbitration Settlement of a dispute by a person or panel chosen to listen to both sides and come to a decision
Racism Belief that differences in character or intelligence are due to one's race (superiority of one race over another)
Jingoism Feeling of strong national pride and a desire for aggressive foreign policy
White Man's Burden The philosophy that it was the duty of Americans to dominate "inferior" people in order to show them the correct way to do things (it was Americans' desire to spread Christianity and Western civilization)
U.S.S. Maine U.S. ship that blew up in Cuba's Havana Harbor, which helped push the U.S. towards war with Spain
Sphere of Influence Area of economic and political control exerted by one country over another
Monroe Doctrine A doctrine by President James Monroe in 1823 stating that further efforts by European countries to colonize land in or interfere with the Americas would be viewed by the U.S. as acts of aggression, requiring U.S. intervention
Manifest Destiny Belief that it was the right of the U.S. to expand its borders and influence across all of North America
Roosevelt Corollary President Roosevelt's 1904 extension of the Monroe Doctrine in which he asserted the right of the U.S. to intervene in the affairs of Latin American countries
Platt Amendment Addition made to the Cuban constitution that prohibited Cuban Government from entering foreign affairs, gave the U.S. the right to intervene when necessary, and allowed the U.S. to establish naval bases in Cuba to protect its own business interests
Open Door Policy A foreign affairs policy set by Secretary of State John Hay in 1899 that favored open trade relations between China and other countries
Nationalism Pride, loyalty, and devotion to one's country
Dollar Diplomacy A foreign policy created by U.S. President William Taft aimed at encouraging the investment of U.S. capital in foreign economies
Annexation Taking control of a territory and joining it to an existing nation
Big Stick Diplomacy President Roosevelt's aggressive foreign policy of negotiating peacefully with other nations while also keeping other nations aware of U.S.'s military power (use threat of military force to get what U.S. desires)
Moral Diplomacy A foreign policy system created by U.S. President Woodrow Wilson in which support is given only to countries whose moral beliefs are similar to that of the U.S.
Expansionism The policy of expanding a nation's territory or its sphere of influence, often at the expense of other nations
Created by: tmgilbert