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chapter 6

bicameral a legislature consisting of two parts,or houses.
census a population count taken by the census
constituents a person from legislators district
gerrymander an oddly shaped election district designed to increase
majority party in both the house of representatives and the senate,the political party to which more than half of the members belong.
minority party in both the house of representatives and the senate, the political party to which fewer than half the members belong.
standing comittees permanent committee that continues work from session to session in its congress
seniority years of service,which is used as a consideration for assigning committee members.
expressed powers powers that congress has that are specifically listed in the constitution.
implied powers powers of congress that are not stated explicitly in the constitution
elastic clause clause in article 1, section 8 of the constitution that gives congress the right to make laws "necessary and proper" to carry out expressed powers.
impeach to accuse government officials of misconduct in office.
writ of habeas corpus a court order that requires police to bring a prisoner to court to explain why they are holding the person
bills of attainder a law that punishes a person accused of a crime without a trial or fair hearing in court
ex post facto laws a law that would allow a person to be punished for an action that was not against the law when it was committed.
franking privilage the right of senators and representatives to send job-related mail without paying postage.
lobbyists representatives of an interest group who contacts lawmakers or other government officials directly to influence their policy making.
casework the work a lawmaker does to help constituents with a problem.
pork-barrel projects government project grant that primarily benefits the home distrirct or state
joint resolution a resolution that is passed by both houses of congress.
special-interest groups an organization of people with some common interest who try to influence government decisions.
filibuster a tactic for defeating a bill in the senate by talking until the bills sponsor withdraws it.
cloture a procedure used in the senate to limit debate on a bill.
voice vote a voting method in which those in favor say "yea" and those against say "no"
standing vote in congress,when members stand to be counted for a vote on a bill.
roll-call vote a voting method in the senate in which members voice their votes in turn
veto refusal to sign a bill or resolution
pocket veto presidents power to kill a bill, if congress is not in session,by not signing it for 10 days
Created by: ashlyndowler