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Ch. 17 Study Guide

American History

QuestionAnswer
line that connected the United States from coast to coast; met at Promontory Summit, Utah transcontinintal railroad
group of self-appointed law keepers formed by miners vigilantes
government offer of land or money to railroad companies subsidy
The name settlers gave to the Great Plains describing its climate was... the Great American Dessert
Towns that grew near mines were called.... Boomtowns
What was the rich vein of gold found in the Sierra Nevada in 1859 called? the Comstock Lode
a ghost town in Nevada that was once a booming mining center was... Virginia City
Small sleds used to carry belongings for long-distances travois
Cone-shaped tents made of Buffalo skins tepees
The agreement between people from the Plains and US officials that had Native Americans stop following the buffalo and instead settle permanently with the promise that they would protect their lands. Fort Laramie Treaty
Col. John Chivington and 700 volunteers attacked a band of Cheyannes at Sand Creek in eastern Colorado in 1864 killing more than 100 people. Sand Creek Masacre
An attack on Little Bighorn Valley in Montana led by Col. George Armstrong Custer in order to force them into a reservation in which the people, led by Sitting Bull, living there retaliated and killed Col. Custer and all his men (Custer’s Last Stand) Battle of Little Bighorn
How was the Dawes Act an attempt to help Native Americans and why did it fail? Tried to turn Native Americans farmers by giving them each 160 acres of land. Few took to farming, sold their land cheaper than they should’ve to dishonest whites, and had to give up buffalo hunting. They remained poor and had to live off the government.
unfenced lands open range
skilled riders who knew how to herd cattle cowhands
the herding and moving of cattle over long distances cattle drive
The Spanish word for cow hand or cowboy vaquero
settlement at the end of a cattle trail cow town
How did cow towns help create the myth of the "wild west" Because there was a “rough and tumble” life in the cow towns that created an idea that much of the West was like them.
What marked the end of the Indian Wars? The Battle of Wounded Knee marked the end of the Indian Wars. About 200 Sioux were murdered after they had surrendered. One chief said this because it was the Indians last chance at freedom. The land would never be theirs again.
Explain the Ghost Dance The Ghost Dance represented a way for Native Americans to return to their old way of life. The government saw the dance as the beginning of an uprising.
The region dominated by the cattle industry and its ranches, trails, and cow towns cattle kingdom
What ended the cattle boom? harsh weather and an economic depression
Homestead act of 1862 You could get 160 acres of free land if you were willing to work the land for 5 years. The wives obtained 50% of the land.
ssettler who acquired free land from the government homesteader
1889 land rush where the boomers and sooners acquired free land in Oklahoma
person who sneaked onto land early during the Oklahoma Land Rush sooner
helped farmers the homestead act, railroads, and new tools
Farmers association made in 1867 to help the farmers grange
Groups of farmers who pulled their money together to make large purchases farm cooporatives
election of 1896 The intense election won by William Mckinley
populist party pushed for reforms
boomers People who lined up to claim free land
sodbusters Plains Farmers
Created by: rhurtado