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Child development

QuestionAnswer
Gifted Children Their minds are often ahead of their physical growth, and specific cognitive and emotional functions are often developed differently (or to differing extents) at different stages of development
Isolation Isolation is one of the main challenges faced by gifted individuals, especially those with no social network of gifted peers. In order to gain popularity, gifted children will often try to hide their abilities to win social approval.
Perfectionism refers to having high standards, a desire to achieve, conscientiousness, or high levels of responsibility, it is likely to be a virtue rather than a problem.
Underachievement Feeling like they don't own up to what they are
Depression Many gifted children face this when they skip development stages.
Developmental Disability A term used to describe life-long disabilities attributable to mental and/or physical or combination of mental and physical impairments, manifested prior to age twenty-two.
Developmental Disability 3 or more in following area
Mental Retardation Characterized by sub average cognitive functioning and deficits in two or more adaptive behaviors with onset before the age of 18.
Cerebral Palsy An umbrella term encompassing a group of non-progressive, non-contagious conditions that cause physical disability in human development.
Autism A spectrum of psychological conditions characterized by widespread abnormalities of social interactions and communication, as well as severely restricted interests and highly repetitive behavior.
Genetic/Chromosomal Disorder An illness caused by abnormalities in genes or chromosomes.
Down Syndrome A chromosomal disorder caused by the presence of all or part of an extra 21st chromosome
Fragile X Syndrome spectrum of characteristic physical, intellectual, emotional and behavioral features which range from severe to mild in manifestation.
Fetal Alcohol Syndrome Describes a continuum of permanent birth defects caused by maternal consumption of alcohol during pregnancy.
Learning Disability including the ability to speak, listen, read, write, spell, reason and organize information.
Storage Problems with memory
Output Difficulties with language
Input Difficulties with auditory perception
Integration the stage during which perceived input is interpreted
Dyslexia A learning disability that manifests primarily as a difficulty with written language, particularly with reading and spelling
Dysphasia language disorder in which there is impairment of speech and of comprehension of speech
Aphasia means no speech
Dyscalculia A math disability
Non-verbal Learning Disability often manifest in motor clumsiness, poor visual-spatial skills, problematic social relationships, difficulty with math, and poor organizational skills.
Dyspraxia refers to a variety of difficulties with motor skills
Disorders of Speaking/Listening Difficulties that often co-occur with learning disabilities include difficulty with memory, social skills and executive functions (such as organizational skills and time management).
Auditory Processing Disorder Difficulties processing auditory information include difficulty comprehending more than one task at a time and a relatively stronger ability to learn visually.
Created by: Niameb