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Social Studies Vocab

Archeologist An expert who studies the past by examining objects that people have left behind
Historian An expert who studies and records the past
Geographer An expert who studies and creates maps of earths natural and humanmade features
Artifact An object made or used by people in the past
Prehistoric Before written history
Ritual Relating to a ceremony, such as a religious ritual
Stone age The first period of prehistoric human culture, from about 2 million years ago to around 3000 B.C.E
Paleolithic Age The first period of the Stone Age called the Old Stone Age, from about 2 million years ago to around 8000 B.C.E
Neolithic Age The later part of the Stone Age called the new stone age, from 8000 B.C.E to about 3000 B.C.E
Domesticate To train a wild animal to be useful to humans
Agriculture The business of farming
Trade The business of buying, trading or selling items
Ore A mineral mined for its valuable uses
Social Structure The organization of a community
Mesopatamia In ancient times, the geographic area located between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers
Sumer An area in the southern part of Mesopotamia, where cities first appeared
city-state An early city that was like a small independent country with its own laws and government
irrigation system A means of supplying land/an area of land with water
Sumerians An ancient people who lived in the ancient geographic land of Sumer
Levee A wall of earth used to prevent water from flooding city-states and towns in ancient sumer
Pictograph A symbol that stands for an object
Culture A characteristic of a civilization that includes the beliefs and behaviors of a society or group of people
Civilization A culture marked by developments in arts, sciences, government, social structure and other advancements
Technology The use of tools and other inventions for practical purposes
Status Importance
Chariot A two wheeled vehicle pulled by a horse
Scribe A person who writes
Ziggurat An ancient Mesopotamian temple tower
Arch An upside down U or V shaped structure that supports weight above it, as in a doorway
Cuneiform Writing that uses wedge-shaped charaters
Created by: xXAnnaBananaXx
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