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Nature & Perspective

TermDefinition
Human Geography The branch of geography that studies all things human and human made.
Physical Geography The branch of geography that studies all of Earth’s physical features and processes.
Map Typically a 2-D representation of our Earth in which you can see where people, places, and things are located.
Place A theme in geography that allows us to describe the physical and human characteristics of a location.
Site When describing a place you use Site. Site is what you see on the landscape.
Location Identifying WHERE a place is located. Location can be Absolute, relative, and mathematical.
Situation Identifying a place’s location using other places (SVH is behind Publix, across from Brusters, etc).
Region An area with one or more common features that makes it different from surrounding areas.
Formal Region A region describe on the basis of one or more identifiable trait which sets it apart from other regions for example, a region defined by language or dialect.
Functional Region A region delineated by a process or processes occurring in it.
Vernacular Region A region perceived to exist, usually in the collective imagining of people at large, and possessing an identifiable nickname, but which may not be either formally or functionally coherent as a region.
Space Most simply, area. Geographers tell apart absolute or abstract space the sort of space that acts as a container for things; and social or relative space the sort of space produced through social interaction.
Connections The state of being connected.
Cartography The study of maps and map making.
Thematic Map A Special Purpose map that displays information around a theme (phenomenon).
Map Scale The tool on a map that allows you to measure real distance.
Map Projection The process by which we display the round Earth on a flat surface.
GPS The global positioning system is a space based satellite navigation system that provides location and time information in all weather conditions, anywhere on or near the Earth where there is an unobstructed line of sight to four or more GPS satellites.
GIS A geographic information system is a computerized data management system used to capture, store, manage, retrieve, analyze, and display spatial information.
Remote Sensing The examination or the gathering of information about a place from a distance. Such examination can occur with devices based on the ground, and/or sensors or cameras based on ships, aircraft, satellites, or other spacecraft.
Meridians A great circle of the earth passing through the poles and any given point on the earth's surface.
Parallels Imaginary line extending around the Earth parallel to the equator and it is used to indicate latitude.
Coordinate System A reference system used to represent the locations of geographic features, imagery, and observations, such as Global Positioning System locations, within a common geographic framework.
Equator The crossing of a sphere's surface with the plane perpendicular to the sphere's axis of rotation and midway between the poles.
Prime Meridian A planet's meridian adopted as the zero of longitude.
Cultural Landscape The combination of the physical features and human features on a landscape.
Mental Map The map-like image every one carries in their head.
Culture All the features of a peoples way of life.
Spatial Perspective A way for geographers to identify and explain patterns of human activities and physical activities across Earth.
Spatial Association The perspective geographers use to explain relationships among different phenomenon across Earth (ex= high rates of cancer deaths in the South is associated with poor education and lack of access to health care).
Spatial Diffusion The process by which information and ideas spread across Earth.
Absolute Location A point on the earth's surface expressed by a coordinate system such as latitude and longitude.
Relative Location A point or place in relation to another point or place.
Concentration How close or far away things are spread out.
Pattern The geometric or regular arrangement of something in a sturdy area.
Generalization A principle, statement, or idea having general application.
Resources Anything that we use for survival in the first place and wealth generation in the second, it could be natural, economic or human.
Globalization The processes by which the world’s countries and people become more alike, interdependent, and interact, regardless of country borders.
Distribution The spread of a feature over Earth.
Density Measures how much of something there is (ex= people, crops, etc).
Arithmetic Density The total number of people divided by the total land area.
Space-time Convergence The reduction in time it takes for people and things to interact and connect due to increased access to technology and transportation advancements.
Uneven Development The result of increased globalization has created a gap between the wealthiest (more developed regions) and the poorest (less developed regions) across Earth.
Visualization The tools in geography that allow us to understand and explain where and why (ex= maps, charts, graphs, diagrams, pictures).
First Law of Geography Everything is related to everything else, BUT closer things will interact more that things farther away
Scale The zooming in or out on Earth’s surface, in which we can study the relationship between the portion of Earth being studied and Earth as a whole.
Created by: 10005721