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Greece-Curto

Global Studies 9

TermDefinition
Minoan Civilization seafaring and trading people that lived on the island of Crete
Knossos ancient city capital of Crete in Minoan civilization
Shrines a place connected with a holy person or event where people go to worship
Frescos the art of painting on fresh plaster or walls
Mycenaean Civilization europeans who settled on the greek mainland
Straits narrow passage of water that connects 2 large bodies of water
Homer greek writer of epic poems
The Dorians greek speaking people that migrated in mainland Greece after the destruction of the Mycenaean Civilization
The Iliad one of 2 famous greek poems written by Homer
Polis a greek city-state
Acropolis upper fortified part of a greek city-state
Monarchy a government in which power is in the hands of a single person
Aristocracy a government in which power is in the hands of a hereditary ruling class of nobility
Oligarchy a government in which power is in the hands of a few people-especially one in which rule is based upon wealth
Phalanx a military formation of foot soldiers armed with spears and shields
Sparta greek city-state that built a military state
Helots slaves
Athens greek city-state known for advancing new ideas in education, the arts, and government
Democracy a government ruled by the people
Draco greek lawmaker who wrote the first legal code
Solon trusted statesman who headed Athenian government and reformed laws
Tyrants a cruel and unfair ruler that has complete power over a country
Cleisthenes Athenian politician who brought democracy and other reforms; created the Council of 500
The Council of five hundred body of individuals that proposed laws
Legislature law making body
Polytheistic belief in many Gods
Barbaroi barbarian
The Persian Wars wars between Greece and the Persian empire
Marathon greek city-state and site of battle in the Persian Wars
Darius Persian king who unsuccessfully attempted to defeat the greeks
Alliance an agreement between countries
The Delian League alliance of 140 greek city states, Athens was the leader
Pericles leader of Athens during its Golden Age
Direct democracy a form of government in which citizens rule directly and not through representatives
Stipend fixed salary to men who held public office
Jury panel of citizens with the authority to make judgement on a trial
Ostracism banish or send away a public figure
The Funeral Oration speech given by Pericles expressing democratic ideals
The Peloponnesian War war between Athens and Sparta
The Peloponnesian League alliance formed by Sparta and other enemies of Athens
Philosophers greek thinkers, "lovers of wisdom"
Sophists group of philosophers who questioned people's ideas about justice and other traditional values
Logic method of arguing invented by Aristotle, rational speaking
Rhetoric the art of skillful speaking
Socrates greek philosopher, encouraged greeks to question themselves and their moral character
Plato greek philosopher and student of Socrates, wrote The Republic
The Republic work written by Plato in which he envisions a perfectly governed society
Aristotle greek philosopher who questioned the nature of the world
The Parthenon temple which is the most famous example of greek architecture
Classical Art greek values of order, balance, and proportion
Classical Style elegant, balanced forms of greek works of art
Tragedies greek plays (dramas) about themes such as love, hate, war, or betrayal
Comedies greek plays (dramas) filled with crude humor, mocked people or customs
Herodotus greek writer, "Father of History"
Thucydides historian who lived in the Age of Pericles
Created by: gmottola
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