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gilded age questions

QuestionAnswer
who was a great military leader whose presidency foundered in corruption and political ineptitude? grant
what was the symbol of the republican political tactic attacking democrats with reminders of the civil war? "waving the bloody shirt"
financiers jim fisk and jay gould tried to get the grant administration involved what corrupt scheme? cornering the gold market
who was a bold and unprincipled financier whose plot to corner the gold market nearly succeeded in 1869? fisk
what finally brought boss tweed's widespread corruption to a halt? new york times and nast
who was the heavy weight new york political boss whose widespread fraud landed him in jail in 1871? boss tweed
which scandal involved railroad corporation fraud and the subsequent bribery of congressmen? credit moblier scandal
what was grant's greatest failing in the scandals that plagued his administration? his toleration for corruption
who was a colorful, cranky newspaper editor who carried the liberal republican and democratic banners against grant in 1872? greeley
what was the third party that backed horace greeley against grant in teh election of 1872? liberal republican
who was the wealthy new york financier whose bank collapsed in 1873, setting off an economic depression? cooke
the depression of the 1870's led to increasing demands for what? inflation of the money supply by issuing more paper currency
for what did the westerners and farmers who attacked the "crime of '73" call? coinage of more silver
who was the congressional co-author of an 1878 act that empowered the treasury to mint limited amounts of silver? bland
what was mark twain's sarcastic name for the post-civil war era which emphasizes its atmosphere of greed and corruption? gilded age
how was the political system of the "gilded age" generally characterized? 1. strong party loyalty 2. high voter turnout 3. few disagreements on national issues
what was the primary goal for which all factions in both political parties contended? patronage
what was the civil was veteran's organization that became potent political bulwark of the republican party in the late 19th century? grand army of the republic
who was the imperious new york senator and leader of the "stalwart" faction of the republicans? conkling
who was the winner of a contested election in 1876 who presided over the end of reconstruction and a sharp economic downturn? hayes
what was the republican party faction, led by senator roscoe conkling that opposed all attempts at civil service reform? stalwarts
which republican party faction, led by james g. blaine, gave lukewarm support to the civil-service idea while still battling for patronage and spoils? half-breeds
what was the complex political agreement between republicans and democrats that resolved the bitterly disputed election of 1876? compromise of 1877
what was the key tradeoff featured in the compromise of 1877? republicans got the presidency in exchange for the final removal of federal troops from the south
what system enabled storekeepers to extend credit on small farmer' crops and thus keep them permanently in debt? crop-lien system
what changes affected blacks in the south after federal troops were withdrawn in the compromise of 1877? (3) 1. literacy requirements and poll taxes 2. tenant farming and share cropping 3. legal racial segregation
what is the term for the racial segregation laws imposed in the 1890s? jim crow
what did the supreme court's ruling in plessy v. ferguson upholding "separate but equal" public facilities in effect legalize? unequal segregation between the races
who was the irish-born leader of the anti-chinese movement in california? kearney
which asian immigrant group experienced discrimination on the west coast? chinese
why did the first chinese immigrants come to the united states primarily? to work in the gold mines and railroads
what "soft-money" third party polled over a million votes and elected fourteen congressmen in 1878 by advocating inflation? greenback labor party
who was the president whose assassination after only a few months in office spurred the passage of a civil-service law? garfield
what system of choosing federal employees on the basis of merit rather than patronage was introduced by the pendleton act of 1883? civil service
who was the charming but corrupt "half-breed" republican senator and presidential nominee in 1884? blaine
who was the first democratic president since the civil war, defender of laissez-faire economics and low tariffs? cleveland
who were the republican clean-government advocates who supported democrat cleveland in 1884 because of the corruption of republican nominee blaine? mugwumps
what was the nasty "rrr" label attached to the democratic party by a republican speaker in the election of 1884? rum, romanism, rebellion
who was the presidential grandson of another president who defeated cleveland by backing high tariffs? benjamin harrison
who was the british ambassador whose pro-cleveland advocacy during the election of 1888 got him expelled from the united states? sackville-west
describe the person who assassinated president james garfield. mentally unstable, disappointed office-seeker
Created by: Hannah Frances