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Vocabulary 2

Government The organization that provides for the safety and security of a nation, state, city, etc. It also has the responsibility to protect the rights of citizens.
Salutary Neglect British policy of leaving the American colonies along as long as they paid their taxes and did not cause trouble; allowed the colonies to develop self-government
John Locke English philosopher that developed the idea of unalienable rights, he believed that government should answer to the people and that the people have the right to get rid of government that treated them unfairly
Magna Carta (1215) King John of England was forced to give up some of his powers to the nobles; gave citizens protection of property rights and right to trial by jury
Royal Governor administrator of a colony; chosen by the King; did not usually care what colonists wanted their government to do
Parliament legislative body of England; made laws; English citizens were represented here, colonists were not
English Bill of Rights (1689) gave more rights to English citizens such as, freedom of speech, and the right of petition and some freedom of religion
John Peter Zenger newspaper publisher that criticized the royal governor of New York, was put on trial but found not guilty; helped establish the idea of freedom of the press in the colonies
Charles de Montesquieu French philosopher that developed the idea of separation of powers which was later included in the U.S. Constitution
William Blackstone English developer of the idea of 'common law' which means that crimes are tried and punished in similar ways across the country
tyranny unfair or abusive government
representative government citizens choose members from their communities to speak for them in a legislature; type of democracy
Created by: syates