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NWHSU Hormones

Hormones for Histo 2 and Physio 2

QuestionAnswer
Hormones of Hypothalamus (6) Somatostatin, Dopamine, TRH, CRH, GnRH, GHRH
Hormones of Anterior Pituitary (7) FSH, LH, ACTH, GH, Prolactin, MSH, TSH
Hormones of Posterior Pituiary (2) ADH, Oxytocin
Hormones of Thyroid (3) T3, T4, Calcitonin
Hormones of Parathyroid (1) PTH
Hormones of Pancreas (3) Glucagon, Insulin, Somatostatin
Hormones of Adrenal Medulla (2) Norepinephrine, Epinephrine
Hormones of Kidney (2) Renin 1,25-Dihydroxycholecalciferol
Hormones of Adrenal Cortex (3) Adrenal Androgens, Cortisol, Aldosterone
Hormone of Testes (1) Testosterone
Hormones of Ovaries and Corpus Luteum(2) Progesterone, Estrogen
Hormones of Placenta (4) Progesterone, Estriol, HCG, HPL
FSH is synthesized in ________ Anterior Pituitary
HPL is synthesized in ________ Placenta
Renin is synthesized in ________ Kidney
Testosterone is synthesized in ________ testes
ACHT is synthesized in ________ Anterior Pituitary
GHRH is synthesized in ________ Hypothalamus
Adrenal androgens is synthesized in ________ Adrenal cortex
HCG is synthesized in ________ Placenta
Insulin is synthesized in ________ Pancreas
GnRH is synthesized in ________ Hypothalamus
Norepinephrine is synthesized in ________ Adrenal Medulla
Glucagon is synthesized in ________ Alpha Cells of Pancreas
Estriol is synthesized in ________ Placenta
Epinephrine is synthesized in ________ Adrenal Medulla
Cortisol is synthesized in ________ Adrenal cortex
GH is synthesized in ________ Anterior Pituitary
1,25-Dihydroxycholecalciferol is synthesized in ________ Kidney
Progesterone is synthesized in ________ Placenta, corpus lutem, ovaries
Aldosterone is synthesized in ________ Adrenal cortex
Prolactin is synthesized in ________ Anterior Pituitary
CRH is synthesized in ________ Hypothalamus
LH is synthesized in ________ Anterior Pituitary
TRH is synthesized in ________ Hypothalamus
PTH is synthesized in ________ Parathyroid
MSH is synthesized in ________ Anterior Pituitary
Calcitonin is synthesized in ________ Thyroid
TSH is synthesized in ________ Anterior Pituitary
ADH is synthesized in ________ Posterior pituitary
Somatostatin is synthesized in ________ Hypothalamus and Delta Cell of Pancreas
T3/4 is synthesized in ________ Thyroid
Dopamine is synthesized in ________ Hypothalamus
Dopamine Inhibits secretion of prolactin
Inhibits secretion of growth hormone Somatostatin
TRH action Stimulates secretion of TSH and prolactin
Stimulates secretion of TSH and prolactin TRH
CRH action Stimulates secretion of ACHT
Somatostatin Action Inhibits secretion of growth hormone
Stimulates secretion of LH and FSH GnRH
Inhibits secretion of prolactin Dopamine
GnRH action Stimulates secretion of LH and FSH
Stimulates secretion of ACHT CRH
Stimulates the secretion of growth hormone GHRH
Stimulates synthesis and secretion of thyroid hormones TSH
Stimulates milk production and breast Development Prolactin
Progesterone action Luteal phase of menstrual cycle
GHRH action Stimulates the secretion of growth hormone
Estrogen action Growth and development of female reproductive organs; follicular phase of menstrual cycle
PTH action ↑ Serum [Ca2+]; ↓ serum [phosphate]
Stimulates growth of ovarian follicles and estrogen secretion Promotes sperm maturation (testes) LH
Milk ejection; uterine contraction Oxytocin
FSH action Stimulates growth of ovarian follicles and estrogen secretion Promotes sperm maturation (testes)
ADH action Stimulates H2O reabsorption by renal collecting ducts
↑ Intestinal Ca2+ absorption; ↑ bone Mineralization Activated Vitamin D
Calcitonin action ↓ Serum [Ca2+]
Stimulates melanin synthesis MSH
ACTH action Stimulates synthesis and secretion of adrenal cortical hormones
T3/4 action Skeletal growth; ↑ O2 consumption; heat production; ↑ protein, fat, and carbohydrate use; maturation of nervous system (perinatal)
Prolactin action Stimulates milk production and breast Development
Stimulates protein synthesis and overall Growth GH
Norepineprhine action Vasoconstriction, gluconeogenesis, blocks insulin & glucagon, ↑ blood sugar, ↑ free fatty acids, heart rate & metabolic rate.
↑ Renal Na+ reabsorption; ↑ renal K+ secretion; ↑ renal H+ secretion Aldosterone
Stimulates growth of ovarian follicles and estrogen secretion Promotes sperm maturation (testes) FSH
Testosterone action Spermatogenesis; male secondary sex characteristics
Stimulates synthesis and secretion of adrenal cortical hormones ACHT
LH action Stimulates growth of ovarian follicles and estrogen secretion Promotes sperm maturation (testes)
MSH action Stimulates melanin synthesis
↑ Serum [Ca2+]; ↓ serum [phosphate] PTH
GH action Stimulates protein synthesis and overall Growth
TSH action Stimulates synthesis and secretion of thyroid hormones
Cortisol action Stimulates gluconeogenesis; anti-inflammatory; immunosuppression
Oxytocin action Milk ejection; uterine contraction
↑ Blood [glucose]; ↑ blood [fatty acid] Glucagon
Skeletal growth; ↑ O2 consumption; heat production; ↑ protein, fat, and carbohydrate use; maturation of nervous system (perinatal) T3/4
Stimulates H2O reabsorption by renal collecting ducts ADH
↓ Serum [Ca2+] Calcitonin
Glucagon action ↑ Blood [glucose]; ↑ blood [fatty acid]
Growth and development of female reproductive organs; follicular phase of menstrual cycle Estrogen
Epinephrine action Vasoconstriction, gluconeogenesis, blocks insulin & glucagon, ↑ blood sugar, ↑ free fatty acids, heart rate & metabolic rate.
Stimulates gluconeogenesis; anti-inflammatory; immunosuppression Cortisol, adrenal androgens
Activated Vitamin D action ↑ Intestinal Ca2+ absorption; ↑ bone Mineralization
Luteal phase of menstrual cycle Progesterone
Vasoconstriction, gluconeogenesis, blocks insulin & glucagon, ↑ blood sugar, ↑ free fatty acids, heart rate & metabolic rate. Norepinephrine, epinephrine
Adrenal androgens action Stimulates gluconeogenesis; anti-inflammatory; immunosuppression
Aldosterone action ↑ Renal Na+ reabsorption; ↑ renal K+ secretion; ↑ renal H+ secretion
Spermatogenesis; male secondary sex characteristics Testosterone
1,25 - Dihyroxycholecalciferol Activated Vitamin D
ADH vasopressin aka antidiuretic hormone
GHRH growth hormone releasing hormone
MSH intermedins aka melanoctye-stimulating hormone
PTH Parathyroid Hormone
Somatostatin aka GHIH (growth hormone inhibiting factor)
CRH corticotropin releasing hormone
TSH Thyroid Stimulating Hormone
ACTH corticotropin aka adrenocorticotropic hormone
TRH thyrotropin-releasing hormone
GH growth hormone aka somatotropin
LH lutenizing hormone
FSH follicle stimulating hormone
GnRH Gonadotropin-releasing hormone aka LHRH (lutenizing-hormone releasing hormone)