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US History - Unit 1

Unit 1 vocabulary list

Word Definition
French and Indian War War between Britain and France from 1756-1763.
Declaration of Independence US document that stated the reasons why colonists should be free from British rule
Jamestown First permanent English Colony set up to gain a profit of its investors.
US Constitution Became the official law of the US after the Bill of Rights was added
Sons of liberty Colonial group that led protests against British taxes.
Quartering Act Law that required colonial citizens to house British soldiers.
George Washington Commanding General of Colonial Army during the Revolution.
John Adams He defended the British Soldiers in court after the Boston Massacre.
Thomas Jefferson He was the main author of Declaration of Independence.
Intolerable Acts Laws passed by Britain as punishment for the Boston Tea party.
Loyalists A Colonial person that did not want Independence from Britain.
Militia Part time, inexperienced soldiers during the Revolution.
Common Sense Popular pamphlet that listed reasons why the Colonists should want Independence from Britain.
Thomas Paine Author of "Common Sense".
Guerilla Warfare Method of non-traditional fighting the colonists learned during the French and Indian War.
Treaty of Paris 1783 Peace Treaty that ended the American Revolution
Daniel Shays His rebellion proved the US needed a stronger central government
Patrick Henry Virginia lawmaker famous for "Give me Liberty, or give me Death!" speech - rallied colonists to raise army against British
Bias Prejudice in favor of one thing / person / group over another (usually in a way that is unfair)
Articles of Confederation US document that created a weak US Central Government.
Baron Von Steuben Prussian military officer that trained US troops at Valley Forge
Patrick Henry Famous for his "Give me liberty or give me death" speech
Lexington and Conord Location where the American Revolution started
Saratoga Battle known as the turning point of the Revolution
Valley Forge Where Colonial army proved its determination to keep fighting and not give up
Yorktown Last major Battle of the American Revolution
Plymouth British colony founded for religious freedom
Primary sources Journals, letters, autobiographies, and artifacts are examples
British taxes they were needed because the British government did not have money to pay its debts
Climate and Geography Major factors that determined the economy of the individual 13 Colonies
Proclamation of 1763 Banned new settlement west of the Appalachian mountains
Created by: khalupka