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Archaeology Study of the past from material remains Artefacts buildings
Artefacts Objects made by ppl spears coins rings
Prehistory History of ppl before writing invented
Above ground Easily found
Methods for below ground Chance discoveries Stories from history Aerial photography Under water evidence
Chance discoveries Found by ppl ploughing or by road works the area has to be investigated before discovery
Stories from history Stories from long ago are based on thing that actually happened
Aerial photography Show evidence of buildings wall hard to find cuz buried beneath ground Crop marks indicate that a feature lies under soil
Under water evidence Use of sonar / mini submarienes and diving gear help find things under sea
Excavations steps Survey Diggers Trowl Brush dust and sieve
All records kept accurately what do they do? Artefacts bones are numbered stored in bags Cataloged Photographs and drawing done of site and dig Investigated at lab
Methods of dating Stratigraphy Coins and pottery Tree ring dating Radio carbon dating
Stratigraphy Oldest layers at bottom and youngest at top
Coins /pottery Have date or head on them and pottery used to date other objects found with it
Tree ring dating Also called dendrovhronology Each year a tree grows new ring of wood Can be seen in cross sections of tree wood When tree cut they can see
Radio carbon dating Also carbon 14 Plants and animals take in carbon 14 Age of plant animal can be seen by how much carbon 14 left
Bones For date objects sites and about sickness and death
Plants Pollen is important it tells when plants were growing where forests cleared and where farming spread
How evidence destroyed Building work Storms and battles destroy ship War destroy towns and cities Volcanoes buildings and objects
How evidence preserved Tombs Desert Peat bogs Volcanoes
Conservation Protection and preservation of ancient objects so dey dont decay
Created by: Chloeg99