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Unit 1 Test Review

TermDefinition
Eugene Debs Former leader of the American Railway Union won nearly a million votes as the American Socialist Party Candidate for president in 1912
Laissez-faire A policy that government should interfere as little as possible in the nations economy
Karl Marx His ideas called Marxism,became very influential in Europe. Marx argued that the basic force shaping capitalist society was the class struggle between workers and owners. He believed that workers would eventually revolt, seize control of the factories and
Automatic Loom Automatically replenished flat, or automatic, looms are the most important class of modern loom, available for a very wide range of fabrics.
Fixed Cost Costs a company pays even if it is not operating(loans, mortgages, and taxes).
Industrial Union An organization of common laborers and craftworkers in a particular industry.
Trade Union Labor union
Operating costs Incurred when running a company(wages, shipping costs, buying raw materials).
Jane Addams Opened the hull house in 1889
William Jennings Bryan Made an impassioned pro-silver speech at the convention and won the nomination.
Thomas Eakins An American realist painter, photographer, sculptor, and fine arts educator. He is widely known to be one of the most important artists in American art history. Paintings of regular people in day-to-day activities.
Ida B. Wells African American;writings were a crusade against lynchings.
Herbert Spencer Thought of the Social Darwinism
Andrew Carnegie Donated millions to build libraries all over the nation.
Booker T. Washington Founded the Tuskegee Institute in 1881
Scott Joplin Titled as the king of ragtime
James Garfield An aggressive conservationist;Roosevelt's former secretary but later replaced by Richard A. Ballinger
Abilene A city in Texas
Sedalia A city located about 30 miles south of the Missouri River in Pettis County, Missouri.
Chief Joseph Leader of the Nez people, refuse to be moved to a smaller reservation in Idaho in 1877.
Longhorns Any of the long-horned cattle of Spanish derivation formerly common in southwestern United States
Crazy Horse 1840 – September 5, 1877 was a Native American war leader of the Oglala Lakota.
Purpose of Stock To provide an organized platform for people to buy and sell shares. Stock exchange allows price control of shares; two people.
Voting Restrictions Voting rights act of 1965
Hardships of homesteaders Working on the land for five years before owning it
4 types of mining 1.sluice mining 2.hydraulic mining 3.placer mining 4.surface mining
Big corporations vs. small businesses Small businesses turn into big businesses
Gross national product The total value of goods and services produced by a country during a year
Tariffs:Republican and Democrats, protective tariff A tax on imports to protect American manufacturers
Plessy vs.Ferguson Upheld segregation using "separate but equal" justification
Impact of increased standard of living Getting wealthier, more power
Long Drive In 1886 when ranchers rounded up about 260,000 Longhorns and drove them to Sadelia Missouri
Closed Shop In agreement in which a company agrees to hire only union members
Plight of Farmers Less money for farmers
Wounded Knee In southwestern South Dakota,was the site of two conflicts between North American Indians and representatives of the U.S. government.An 1890 massacre left some 150 Native Americans dead, in what was the final clash between federal troops and the Sioux.
"Pikes Peak or Bust" Gold rush either you found a lot of gold or you didn't and left
Entrepreneur One who organizes, manages and, assumes the risks of a business or enterprise
Credit Mobilier Scandal The Credit Mobilier was a railroad construction company, formed by the insiders of the transcontinental Union Pacific Railway. They hired themselves to build the railroad line
People's Party/Populist Party -Sought government control over business to protect farmers -Supported national control of railroads, increase money supply and, direct election of US senators
Pendleton Civil Service Act A federal law established in 1883 that stipulated that government jobs should be awarded on the basis of merit.
Political Machines An organization linked to a political party that often controlled local government
Mass transit public transportation, especially in an urban area.
Created by: martarut123