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chapter 4 vocabulary

TermDefinition
Nativism the policy of protecting the interests of native inhabitants against those of immigrants.
skyscraper a relatively tall building of many stories, especially one for office or commercial use.
tenement a run-down and often overcrowded apartment house, especially in a poor section of a large city.
political machine a political organization in which an authoritative boss or small group commands the support of a corps of supporters and businesses ...
party boss a person who wields the power over a particular political region or constituency.
graft a bud, shoot, or scion of a plant inserted in a groove, slit, or the like in a stem or stock of another plant in which it continues to grow.
individualism a social theory advocating the liberty, rights, or independent action of the individual.
social Darwinism a 19th-century theory, inspired by Darwinism, by which the social order is accounted as the product of natural selection of those persons best suited to existing living conditions and in accord with which a position of laissez-faire is advocated.
philanthropy an organization devoted to helping needy persons or to other socially useful purposes.
settlement house the act of making stable or putting on a permanent basis.
Americanism a custom, trait, or thing peculiar to the United States of America or its citizens.
populism the political philosophy of the People's party.
greenbacks a U.S. legal-tender note, printed in green on the back since the Civil War, originally issued against the credit of the country and not against gold or silver on deposit.
inflation a persistent, substantial rise in the general level of prices related to an increase in the volume of money and resulting in the loss of value of currency (opposed to deflation ).
Graduated income tax Income taxes are levied by governments on the income of citizens to raise money for government services and programs.
deflation the act of deflating or the state of being deflated.
cooperatives working or acting together willingly for a common purpose or benefit.
poll tax a capitation tax, the payment of which is sometimes a prerequisite to exercise the right of suffrage.
segregation the act or practice of segregating.
Jim crow laws any state law discriminating against black persons. lynch
lynch to put to death, especially by hanging, by mob action and without legal authority.
Created by: rorojeansmith16