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Unit 4 Vocab

Industrialization + Westward Expansion

TermDefinition
assimilation the absorption of people into the dominant culture
civil service nonmilitary government employees
Dawes Act an 1887 federal law distributing land to individual Indians rather than to tribes, thereby encouraging Indians to become assimilated
Exodusters African Americans who migrated from the South to the Great Plains following the civil war
gold standard a momentary policy requiring that every paper dollar in circulation be backed by a dollars worth of gold in the U.S. treasury
Homestead Act an 1862 federal law that granted tracts of land called homesteads to western settlers who live on it for 5 years
industrialization the transformation from producing goods by hand to producing goods by machines
labor union a group of workers organized to protect the interests of its members
philanthropist a person who gives money to support worthy causes
political machines an organization consisting of full time politicians whose main goal is to retain political power and the money and influence that went with it
populism a political philosophy that favors the common person's interests or those of wealthy people or business interests
populist party a political party founded in 1892 calling for policies to help working people, such as government ownership of railroads and coinage of silver
reservation an area of federal land reserved for Indian tribes
Social Gospel a religious movement of the late 1800's based on the idea that social reform and Christianity go hand in hand
transcontinental railroad a railroad that spans the continent
urbanization the growth of cities
Created by: shelbymccloud