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Unit 4 Vocabulary

Industrialization and Westward Expansion

Assimilation The absorption of people into the dominant culture.
Civil Service Nonmilitary government employees
Dawes Act An 1887 federal law distributing land to individual Indians rather than to tribes, thereby encouraging Indians to become assimilated.
Exodusters African Americans who migrated from the South to the Great Plains following the Civil War.
Gold Standard A monetary policy requiring that every paper dollar in circulation be backed by a dollar's worth of gold in the U.S. Treasury.
Homestead Act An 1862 federal law that granted tracts of land called homesteads to western settlers who agreed to work the land and live on it for five years.
Industrialization The transformation from producing goods by hand to producing goods by machine.
Labor Union A group of workers organized to protect the interests of its members.
Philanthropist A person who gives money to support worthy causes.
Political Machines An organization consisting of full-time politicians whose main goal was to retain political power and the money and influence that went with it.
Populism A political philosophy that favors the common person's interests over those of wealthy people or business interests.
Populist Party A political party founded in 1892 calling for policies to help working people, such as government ownership of railroads and coinage of silver.
Reservation An area of federal land reserved for Indian tribes.
Social Gospel A religious movement of the late 1800s based on the idea that social reform and Christianity go hand in hand.
Transcontinental Railroad A railroad that spans the continent.
Urbanization The growth of cities.
Created by: angelinanarvaiz