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WWMS 1st Hist. Test

Studystack for first history test 2014-2015

QuestionAnswer
Mound Builders Groups of early North American Indians who would bury their dead, along with their possessions and other items they felt they needed, with them in large burial mounds that protrude from the ground in the shape of a large mound.
Potlach A ceremony held by some Native American groups at which the hosts showered their guests with gifts such as woven cloth, baskets, canoes, and furs.
Adobe Sun-dried, unburned brick made of clay and straw. Was used for building homes by North American tribes in the southwest portion of today’s United States.
Agriculture the science or practice of farming, including cultivation of the soil for the growing of crops and the rearing of animals to provide food, wool, and other products.
League of Iroquois Tribes of Iroquois who were united with a central government and shared the same beliefs and lifestyles. The League of Iroquois promoted women within the tribe, as many of them served on tribal councils.
Irrigate To supply water to crops by artificial means, such as digging a new channel to re-route the water to fields.
culture A people’s shared values, beliefs, traditions, and behaviors.
Kayak A boat consisting of a light wooden frame covered with watertight animal skins and propelled by a double-bladed paddle.
Clans A group of people who have a common ancestor.
Columbian Exchange An exchange of crops, animals, diseases and ideas between the Eastern and Western Hemisphere.
Reformation A sixteenth-century religious movement rejecting or changing some Roman Catholic teachings and practices and establishing Protestant Churches.
Protestantism A form of Christianity that began in opposition to the Catholic Church.
Charter A document granting the holder the right to settle a colony
Joint-Stock Company A business in which investors buy stock in return for a share of its profits.
Burgess Elected representative to an assembly.
Dissent To act against. Most of the people who dissented against the Anglican Church wished to stay with the Roman Catholic Church.
Persecute To mistreat a person or group on the basis of their beliefs.
Tolerance The ability to accept and respect different views or behaviors.
Pacifists People opposed to the use of war or violence to settle disputes
Patroon Landowner in the Dutch colonies who ruled over large areas of land
Northwest Passage A much-sought sea route between the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans, located along the north coast of North America.
Subsistence Farming Producing just enough to meet immediate need
Cash Crop a crop raised for sale in markets
Diversity variety, such as of ethnic or national groups
Triangular trade pattern of trade that developed in colonial times among the Americas, Africa, and Europe
Indigo a blue flowering plant used to dye cloth.
Slave Codes rules focusing on the behavior and punishment of enslaved people.
Apprentices a person who learns a trade from a skilled craftsperson
Mercantilism an economic theory that a nation’s power depends on its ability to increase wealth by increasing exports and receiving precious metals
Immigration the permanent movement of people into a country from other countries
Representative Government a system in which citizens elect a smaller group to make laws and conduct government on their behalf.
Tobacco The first cash crop of the Jamestown colony
Jamestown The first successful English colonies in the Americas.
Roanoke First English colony in the Americas. Inhabitants all disappeared.
Squanto Native American whose knowledge helped the Separatists survive in the Plymouth Colony.
Separatists Religious group that received permission to start a colony. Founded Plymouth. Known as Pilgrims.
James Oglethorpe Founded Georgia as a buffer against Spanish Florida and as a debtors colony.
Thomas Hooker Puritan preacher that founded Hartford and the colony of Connecticut. Influenced the Fundamental Orders of Connecticut.
Mayflower Compact Agreement among Pilgrims to form a government. First English legal agreement in the New World.
Puritans Religious group that left England to avoid persecution. Founded Massachusetts Bay colony.
Quakers Religious group that practices pacifism and religious tolerance. Pennsylvania was established as a safe haven for Quakers.
Pennsylvania Colony founded for Quakers by William Penn. First colony to practice full religious tolerance.
New Amsterdam Dutch colony that included the island of Manhattan. Eventually surrendered to the British.
Roger Williams Puritan preacher kicked out of Massachusetts. Founded Providence and the colony of Rhode Island.
Anne Hutchinson Puritan woman kicked out of Massachusetts. Followers settled with her in Rhode Island.
Primary Source first-hand source of information about an event from the same time as that event
Secondary source source of information that uses primary sources to describe an event. Second-hand source.
House of Burgesses First representative government in the English colonies. Started in Jamestown.
Indentured servants individuals that would agree to serve someone for a number of years in exchange for payment of passage to the New World.
Absolute location A location using a grid system or address.
Relative location A location that uses another place or landmark as a starting point. Where something is compared to something else.
Created by: slaterc