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Chapter 4 Vocab


nativism hostility toward immigrants by native-born peeople
skyscraper a very tall building
tenement multifamily apartments, usually dark, crowded, and barely meeting minimum living standards
political machine an organization linked to a political party that often controlled local government
party boss the person in control of a political machine
graft the acquisition of money in dishonest ways, as in bribing a politician
individualism the belief that regardless of ones background, they can come successful through effort
Social Darwinism the belief, created by Charles Darwin's theory of evolution and natural selection, that states that people grow in competition and only the strongest survive
evolution the scientific theory that humans and other forms of life have evolved over time
philanthropy providing money to support social groups
settlement house An institution located in a poor neighborhood that provided numerous community services such as medical and child care, libraries, and English classes
americanization the process of one acquiring american traits and characteristics
publish to make a document available to the public
populism a political movement founded in 1890's representing mainly farmers that favored free coinage of silver and government control of railroads and other large industries
greenback a unit of paper currency first issued during the civil war
inflation an increase in prices and decrease in the value of money
bond a note issued by the government that promises to pay off a loan with interest
deflation a decrease in prices and increase in value of money
cooperative a store where farmers buy products from each other
strategy a plan or method for achieving a goal
poll tax a tax of a fixed amount per person that had to be paid to vote
segregstion the separation or isolation of a race, class, or group
discrimination different treatment or preference on a basis other than individual merit
Jim Crow Laws statues enacted to enforce segregation
lynch to execute by hanging with out lawful approval
Created by: amkemp