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U.S. History

Topic 3 "Reconstruction and Westward Expansion"

TermDefinition
Reconstruction Program implemented by the federal government between 1865 and 1877 to repair the damage to the south caused by the Civil War and restore the southern states to the Union
Radical Republican Advocated full citizenship rights for African Americans along with a harsh Reconstruction policy toward the south
Freedman’s Bureau Federal agency designed to aid freed slaves and poor white farmers in the south after the Civil War
Andrew Johnson Lincoln's VP who guided the U.S. through the early reconstruction
Black Code Laws that restricted African Americans' rights and opportunities
Civil Rights Act of 1866 law that established federal guarantees of civil rights for all citizens
Fourteenth Amendment 1868 constiutional amendment which defined citizenship and guaranteed citizens equal protection under the law
Impeachment Accusation against a public official of wrong doing in office
Fifteenth Amendment 1870 constitutional amendment that guaranteed voting rights regardless of race or previous condition of servitude
Scalawag Negative term for a southern white who supported the Republican Party after the Civil War
Carpetbagger Negative term for northerners who moved to the South after the Civil War
Segregation Forced separation, oftentimes by race
Integration Process of bringing people of different races, religions, and social classes together
Sharecropping System in which a farmer tended a portion of a planter's land in return for a share of the crop
Tenant Farming System in which a farmer paid rent to a landowner for the use of the land
Ku Klux Klan Organization that promotes hatred and discrimination against specific ethnic and religious groups
Enforcement Acts 1870 and 1871 laws that made it a federal offense to interfere with a citizen's right to vote
Cash Crop Crop grown for sale
Reservation Public lands where Native Americans were forced to live by the federal government
Sand Creek Massacre 1864 incident in which Colorado militia killed a camp of Cheyenne and Arapaho indians
Sitting Bull Native American chief known for leading his people during the years of resistance to United States government policies
Battle of Little Big Horn 1876 battle in which the Sioux defeated U.S. troops
Wounded Knee 1890 confrontation between U.S. calvary and Sioux that marked the end of Indian resistance
Assimilate To be absorbed into the main culture of a society
Dawes General Allotment Act 1887 law that divided reservation lands into private family plots
George Custer Union General that led U.S. troops into battle against the Sioux Indians in the Battle of Little Big Horn
Homestead Act
Created by: Mr. Peirce