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chapter 4 vocabulary


Nativism Hostility toward immigrants by native-born people
Skyscraper A very tall building
Tenement Multifamily apartmemts, usually dark, crowded, and barely meeting minimum living standards
Political machine An organization linked to a political party that often controlled local government
Party boss The person in charge of a political machine
Graft The acquisition of money in dishonest ways, as in bribing a politician
Individualism The beilif that no matter what a person's background is, he or she can still become successful through effort
Social Darwinism A philosophy based on Charles Darwin's theories of evolution and natural selection, asserting that humans have developed through competition and natural selection with only the strongest surviving
Evolution The scientific theory that humans and other forms of life have evolved over time
Philanthropy Providing money to support humanitarian or social goals
Settlement house An institution located in a poor neighborhood that provided numerous community services such as medical care, child care, libraries, and classes I'm English
Americanization The process of acquiring or causing a person to acquire American traits and characteristics
Populism A political movement founded in the 1890s representing mainly farmers that favored free coinage of silver and government control of railroads during the civil war
Greenback A unit of paper currency first issued by the federal government during the Civil War
Currency Paper money used as a medium of exchange
Inflation An ongoing increase in prices and decrease in the value of money
Bond A note issued to the government that promises to pay off a loan with interest
Deflation An ongoing decrease in prices and an increase in the value of money
Cooperative A store where farmers buy products from each other; an enterprise owned by those who use its services
Strategy A plan or method for achieving a goal
Graduated income tax A tax based on the net income of an individual or business and which taxes different income levels at different rates
Poll tax A tax of a fixed amount per person that had to be paid before the person could vote
Segregation The desperation or isolation of a race, class, or group
Discrimination Different treatment or preference on a basis other than individual merit
Jim Crow laws Statutes enacted to enforce segregation
Lynch To execute, by hanging, without lawful approval
Created by: martarut123