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Euro. Colonization

Green 7 Review for test on European Colonization

QuestionAnswer
Crusades series of wars fought between Christians and Muslims for control of the Holy Land. Caused Europeans to travel off of their land and experience new foods, clothing, etc.
Renaissance Rebirth of learning, Europeans desire to find out what is out there beyond the borders of their manors
Three Goals of the Spanish Conquistadors God, Gold and Glory
Francisco Pizarro Conquered the Incas
Hernando Cortes Conquered the Aztecs
Moctezuma Aztec Emperor
Conquistadors Spanish Conquerers
missionaries people who attempt to convert people to their religion
Two Viceroyalties of Spain New Spain and Peru
Bartolome de Las Casas fought for the fair treatment of Native Americans in the New World
Samuel de Champlain founder of the first French colony in the New World
Coureurs de bois "runners of the woods"-French colonists who lived and worked in the woods
What Native American group were the French friendly with? Algonquins
Peter Stuyvesant leader of the colony of New Amsterdam-put in charge because of his strict rule
Peter Minuit bought the island of Manhattan from Native Americans for a cheap price
What European country originally controlled New York? Netherlands
What was the biggest way the French made money in New France? fur trapping and trading
push factor reasons people leave their home land
pull factor things that are attractive about a place that make people want to settle there
Examples of Push Factors famine, religious persecution, war, unemployment, primogeniture, overpopulation, disease
Examples of Pull Factors jobs, religious freedom, plenty of land, the lure of gold
This country had the strongest navy until 1588 Spain
the waterway through or around North America that European explorers were unable to find because it did not exist Northwest Passage
Roanoke failed English colony off the coast of North Carolina, mystery surrounds what happened to the colonists
Jamestown the first permanent English colony in North America
John Smith helped Jamestown by establishing harsh rules like "if you don't work, you don't eat"
John Rolfe introduced tobacco to Jamestown. Helped to make the colony profitable
Problems at Jamestown diseases, lack of food, everyone searched for gold instead of growing crops, bad drinking water, fighting with Native Americans, disorganized government
Mayflower Compact agreement made on the Mayflower-settlers agreed to work together to make the colony a success
House of Burgesses first representative government in the English colonies
joint stock company companies backed by investors-share the profits and the risks
indentured servant a person who agrees to work in exchange for passage to the new world
Who was the first person to sail completely around the world? Ferdinand Magellan
Created by: mrdowling24