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Chapter 4 Vocab

Nativism when natives are hostile to immigrants
Skyscraper a very tall building
Tenement small, nasty apartments that multiple families squeeze into
Political Machine group linked to political parties that sometimes control local government
Party Boss person in charge of political machine
Graft gaining money or power illegally
Individualism belief that everyone can be successful no matter what their background is
Social Darwinism states that humans have developed through competition and natural selection and only the strong survive
Philanthropy giving money to people or causes in need
Settlement House institutions in poor neighborhoods that provided medical care, child care, libraries, etc.
Americanization acquiring or causing a person to acquire American traits and characteristics
Populism movement to increase farmers' political power and work for legislation in their interests
Greenbacks unit of paper currency first issued by the federal government during the Civil War
Inflation ongoing increase in prices and decrease in value of money
Deflation ongoing decrease in prices and increase in value of money
Cooperative farmers buy products from each other; owned by farmers; used to increase prices and lower costs
Graduated Income Tax tax based on the net income of an individual or business and which taxes different income levels at different rates
Poll Tax tax of a fixed amount that every person had to pay before they could vote
Segregation separation or isolation of a race, class, or group
Jim Crow Laws statutes enacted to enforce segregation
Lynch execute by hanging without lawful approval
Created by: armaynez