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MiddleEast Geog Test

Physical Geography of the Middle East

Irrigation Artificial means of watering crops or plants
Oasis A wet, fertile area in a desert that forms where underground water rises to the surface
Scarcity A limited supply; running out of something
Ground water Water below the surface that supplies aquifers and natural springs
Aquifer Underground layer of rock and sand that contains water; can be drilled into as a fresh water source
Desalination The process of removing salt from sea water to produce drinking water
Reservoir A lake that forms behind a dam
Wadi A waterway that fills up in the rainy season but is dry the rest of the year; a dried up river bed
Hydroelectricity Energy produced by falling water when a dam is built on a river
Persian Gulf Body of water where large oil reserves are found in and around the area
Red Sea Body of water between Africa and the Arabian Peninsula through which much oil is shipped
Jordan River Important source of fresh water for Israel and Jordan
Suez Canal Man-made structure that is important to the oil trade between the Middle East and Europe
Saudi Arabia Large country that has no permanent rivers
Desert Type of climate region that most of the Middle East is a part of
"Crossroads of the World" Nickname given to the Middle East because of its location between Europe, Africa, and Asia
Pollution Man-made way of decreasing the amount of fresh water available
Salt water Problem that causes damage if it enters the water source in an aquifer
Desalination Saudi Arabia gains most of its drinking water from the process of ___
Oil Many people of the Middle East started moving to the cities after the 1930s due to the discovery of ___
Rivers Many people live near or along ___ for the fresh water source, fishing, and transportation
Syria & Iraq 2 countries that have been affected by the construction of dams in Turkey
Fresh water Desalination, drilling for water in aquifers, and damming rivers to create reservoirs can all provide ___ to dry areas
Downstream River water that is closer to the mouth; river water that is beyond a dam
Nomad One who moves from place to place in search of necessary resources like fresh water and food
Arable land Land that is able to be farmed
Population density How crowded an area is
Bedouin Name for the nomadic people of Arabia
Landlocked Meaning a country is surrounded by other countries on all sides and does not have a coastline
Blockade A method of stopping shipping and transportation
Pollutant Something that causes a resource to no longer be useable
OPEC The organization that controls the price and supply of oil to the rest of the world
Created by: MrsRidley
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