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GA2_E3_Respiratory

QuestionAnswer
Name given to the upper part of the dorsum nasi supported by nasal bones. 103 Bridge
Structure which has a lateral and medial crus to hold open the nostrils. 103 Greater alar cartilage
Name bony components forming the roof of the nasal cavity. 103 Nasal bone, frontal bone, cribriform plate of ethmoid, body of sphenoid
Internally correspond to alae of the nose; has sweat glands, sebaceous glands and hairs. 103 Vestibule
Located bw anterior end of middle concha and the dorsum of the nose; site of an anterior ethmoidal air cell? 104 Agger nasi
Swelling in the middle meatus, marks the position of ethmoid air cells. 104 Ethmoid bulla
Immediated structure that receives ostium of the frontonasal duct? 104 Ethmoidal infundibulum
A ridge within the nasal cavity separating stratified squamous from respiratory mucosa. 104 Limen nasi
Specific structure responsible for forming the limen nasi. 104 Lower edge of the lateral nasal cartilage
Into what meatus does the frontal sinus drain? 104 Middle meatus via frontonasal duct and ethmoidal infundibulum
Into what meatus does the maxillary sinus drain? 104 Middle meatus via the floor of the infundibulum
A structure which drains into the inferior meatus. 104 Nasolacrimal duct
Opening of ethmoidal infundibulum into the meatus. 104 Semilunar hiatus
A sharp mucosal covered ridge of the middle meatus. 104 Uncinate process
Hypertrophied lymphatic components on the roof of the nasopharynx. 105 Adenoids
Meatus into which the nasolacrimal duct drains. 105 Inferior
Give 2 components of lateral wall of the nasopharynx? 105 Ostia of auditory tubes & pharnygeal muscles
Place in which the sphenoid sinus drains? 105 Sphenoethmoidal recess
Specific structure that supports the tracheal bifurcation. 106 Carina
Define a bronchopulmonary segment. 106 Portion of a lung supplied with air from a tertiary bronchus
What is the vertebral level of tracheal bifurcation? 106 T4/5
Name two pleural recesses? Give function? Structural composition? 107 Costodiaphragmatic & Castomediastinal All for expansion of the lungs during inspiration. Parietal pleura
Name given to parietal pleura over apex of lung. 107 Cupula
Give 2 landmarks present on medial surface of right lung, but not the left. 107 Grooves for the superior & inferior vena cava
Give the origin of the lumbar part of the diaphragm? 108 Arises from the vertebral column as left & right crura. Also arises from fascial thickenings termed lateral & medial arculate ligaments
Fissure separating upper and middle lobes of the right lung. 108 Horizontal fissure
Left lung homologue of middle lobe of right lung. 108 Lingula
Vertebral level of esophageal hiatus? 108 T10
Greater level of aortic hiatus 108 T12
What is the vertebral level of hiatus of the inferior vena cava? 108 T8
Define the root of the lung. 108 The structures which pass through the hilus = bronchi, vessels, nerves, and lymphatics
Name two structures related to the left side of the thoracic part of the trachea. 106 Left recurrent laryngeal n., arch of aorta, left common carotid a., left subclavian v.
Besides the aorta, list two structures which can pass through the aortic hiatus. 108 Thoracic duct, azygos vein
Besides the thyroid and cricoid cartilages, name the other cartilages of the larynx. 127 arytenoid, epiglottic, corniculate, cuneiform
This structure passes upward from the arch of the cricoid cartilage; on its upper edge it is thickened to form the vocal ligaments. 127 Conus elasticus
Laryngeal cartilage located on the upper edge of the quadrangular membrane? 128 Cuneiform Cartilages
Entrance to larynx 131 Aditus
The mucosal reflection over the upper edge of the quadrangular membrane of the larynx. 131 Aryepiglottic fold
Structure over which the mucosa of the larynx is reflected to form the vestibular fold. 131 Quadrangular membrane
Slit-like opening between the true vocal cords. 131 Rima glottidis
Slit-like opening between the false vocal cords. 131 Rima vestibuli
Give the term for the space between the true and false vocal cords. 131 Ventricle
Name given to mucosal reflection formed by the lower edge of the quadrangular membrane. 131 Vestibular fold (false vocal cord)
What muscle of the larynx lengthens and tightens the vocal cord, thus increasing pitch? 132 Cricothyroid
Muscles of the larynx not innervated by reccurent laryngeal n? 132 Cricothyroid
What muscle(s) of the larynx is/are not innervated by the recurrent laryngeal n.? 132 Cricothyroid
What muscle of the larynx inserts on the muscular process of the arytenoid and rotates the cartilage medially, but does not pull the cartilage anteriorly? 132 Lateral cricoarytenoid
What muscle(s) of the larynx act(s) as a sphincter of the laryngeal inlet? 132 Oblique arytenoid and aryepiglottic muscles
What laryngeal muscles aBduct the vocal cords? 132 Posterior cricoarytenoid
What muscle of the larynx extends from posterior surface of the cricoid lamina to the muscular process of the arytenoids cartilage? 132 Posterior cricoarytenoid
Describe the motor innervation (include components innervated) to the larynx. 132 recurrent laryngeal to all intrinsic muscles except external branch of superior laryngeal n. to cricothyroid m.
Antagonist to Cricothyroid? 132 Thyroarytenoid
What muscle of the larynx is an antagonist to the cricothyroid muscle? 132 Thyroarytenoid
Located immediately medial to the thyroarytenoid, it acts to tense the vocal cords? 132 Vocalis
Created by: sor32663