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Chapter 11

The American Promise 5th Edition. Professor: Jones-Reed : Notes

QuestionAnswer
Which factors contributed to the panic of 1837? •Bad harvest •Failure in crop market •Unbalance trade •30% down turn •Falling cotton prices prevent southern farmers from paying off northern creditors.
Some Whig leaders blamed the financial collapse of 1837 on former President Jackson’s because •Of Jackson’s antibank and hard money policies •Opposition to the national bank
William Henry Harrison, the Whig candidate won the election of 1840 because •Campaigning (tricks) like Democrats: Parades, Rally, and War Heroes
The hallmark of Jacksonian era was the common belief among American’s that •Every citizen is equally important •People and societies can shape their own destinies
The canals were important innovation in the early nineteenth century because •Ship more goods and cargo •Reduce cost of travel •They allowed cheaper transport because boats can support heavier loads.
During the 1840s the bulk of the workforce in New England textile mills were •Young women who hoped to gain more autonomy, independence, and self-sufficiency •Lowell mills, going to church, prohibited drinking and unsupervised courtship •Dorms locked at 10 pm •Build savings before marriage
The economy of Jacksonian America depended on the banks to do what? •Charter renewal •To issue banknotes, which were theoretically backed by hard money
Why did the number of white male voters increase between the election of 1824 and 1828? •Dirty Politics •Character assassination •Most states abolished property qualifications for voting
The panic of 1819 was contributed to what factors? •Suspended species payment •A contraction/reduction of the money supply •Europe •Overseas prices •American’s lost their savings and property •Unemployment: half a million lost their jobs
What key factor played an important role in the election of 1828? •The character of the candidates: mortality, honor, and discipline •Parties with distinct names •Consistent program transcending the particular personalities running for office •Ordinary citizens against elites – democracy versus aristocracy
What was the infamous Trail of Tears? •Indian Removal •1,200 miles forced a march of Chesapeakes who were expelled from their land.
The doctrine of nullification outlined by John C. Calhoun in response to the Tariff of Abominations argued that •When congress oversteps its power, states have the right to nullify congresses act
During the 1820s and 1830s the teaching style in public schools began to change. Why? •Cheap Labor •More school districts hired women as cheap instructors
What happened to most boys who did not remain on the farm during the 1820s and 1830s? •Worked in urban centers •They left school at the age of fourteen to become an apprentice or a clerk
What was the Second Great Awakening? •A new revived version of Protestantism •An outpouring of evangelical religious (a lot of groups) favor
Who was the leading exemplar of the Second Great Awakening? •Western New Yorker: Charles Grandison Finney
William Lloyd Garrison the author of the Liberator advocated what? •An immediate end to slavery
How did proslavery congressmen keep antislavery petitions put of the public records? •Congress passed the “gag rule” in 1836
Created by: sajimenez