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Locke vs. Hobbs

Whats the difference between the philosophies of John Locke and Thomas Hobbs

Became a tutor to a very wealthy family having access to many books Hobbs
Lived in Paris through the English Civil Wars and interested in the nature of government Hobbs
Saw humans as naturally selfish and quick to fight Hobbs
One of the first of his era to discuss the idea of a social contract between people and their government Hobbs
Wrote a book called Leviathan Hobbs
Believed a single sovereign, or ruler, should have total authority over the people Hobbs
Believed in a monarchy led by a king Hobbs
More concerned with protection and order than rights Hobbs
Started his career as a doctor, but ended up a philosopher and political scientist Locke
His writings influenced many founding fathers, especially Thomas Jefferson Locke
Wrote a book called An Essay Concerning Human Understanding Locke
In his book he introduced the idea of "tabula rasa" which states people are born with a mind like a blank slate or page Locke
Imagined a set of natural rights that human beings share such as life, liberty and property Locke
Believed natural rights aren't given to people but rather they are born with them Locke
Believed the purpose of government is to end the state of nature and give people certain protections of their natural rights Locke
Believed a government can only be legitimate, or valid, if it is based on a social contract with citizens Locke
Believed that if the government fails to deliver, the people have the right to revolt Locke
Created by: hroussel



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