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U.S. History

Topic 1 "Pre-Civil War"

Free-Soil Party Anti-Slavery political party of the mid 1800s.
Popular Sovereignty Principal in which the people are the only source of government power.
Secede To formally withdraw membership in a group or an organization.
Henry Clay American politician who was instrumental in the development of the Compromise of 1850
Fugitive Slave Act Law that required all citizens to aid in apprehending runaway slaves.
Underground Railroad System that existed before the Civil War, in which black and white abolitionists helped escaped slaves travel to safe areas, especially Canada.
Harriet Tubman Fugitive slave that led hundreds of slaves out of bondage in the south through the underground railroad.
Harriet Beecher Stowe Published Uncle Tom's Cabin, a powerful novel condemning slavery.
Kansas-Nebraska Act 1854 law that divided the Nebraska Territory into Kansas and Nebraska giving each territory the right to decide whether or not to allow slavery.
John Brown A New York abolitionist who carried out a midnight execution of five proslavery settlers near Lawrence, Kansas.
"Bleeding Kansas" Term used to describe the 1854-1856 violence between proslavery and antislavery supporters in Kansas.
Dred Scott vs. Sanford Supreme court case that ruled against abolitionists and declared that slaves were property to their owners and therefore were not entitled to sue in court.
Abraham Lincoln Winner of the 1860 election making him the 16th president of the United States and the leader of the Union during the Civil War.
Stephen A Douglas Political rival of Abraham Lincoln that supported popular sovereignty as the solution to regional tensions.
Harpers Ferry Town in Virginia (present day West Virginia) where abolitionist John Brown raided a federal arsenal in 1859.
Compromise of 1850 Political Agreement that allowed California to be admitted as a free state by allowing popular sovereignty in the territories and enacting a stricter fugitive slave law.
Jefferson Davis American solider, politician, and slave owner who served as the President of the Confederacy during the Civil War.
Fort Sumter Federal fort located in Charleston, South Carolina, where the first shots of the Civil War were fired.
Abolitionist Movement Nineteenth century movement that sought an end to slavery.
Election of 1860 Presidential election won by Abraham Lincoln that resulted in seven states seceding from the U.S. to form the Confederate States of America.
Confederate States of America Government of 11 states that seceded from the United States and fought against the Union in the Civil War.
Created by: Mr. Peirce
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