Busy. Please wait.
or

show password
Forgot Password?

Don't have an account?  Sign up 
or

Username is available taken
show password

why


Make sure to remember your password. If you forget it there is no way for StudyStack to send you a reset link. You would need to create a new account.
We do not share your email address with others. It is only used to allow you to reset your password. For details read our Privacy Policy and Terms of Service.


Already a StudyStack user? Log In

Reset Password
Enter the associated with your account, and we'll email you a link to reset your password.
Don't know
Know
remaining cards
Save
0:01
To flip the current card, click it or press the Spacebar key.  To move the current card to one of the three colored boxes, click on the box.  You may also press the UP ARROW key to move the card to the "Know" box, the DOWN ARROW key to move the card to the "Don't know" box, or the RIGHT ARROW key to move the card to the Remaining box.  You may also click on the card displayed in any of the three boxes to bring that card back to the center.

Pass complete!

"Know" box contains:
Time elapsed:
Retries:
restart all cards
share
Embed Code - If you would like this activity on your web page, copy the script below and paste it into your web page.

  Normal Size     Small Size show me how

Infectious Diseases

Terminology for Midterm

QuestionAnswer
A disease or infectious agent that is habitually present in a community, geographical area, or population group. Endemic
The occurrence of a disease clearly in excess of normal expectancy. Epidemic
An epidemic that spans a wide geographical area. Pandemic
The occurrence of death in a population? Mortality
The occurrence of an illness or illnesses in a population. Morbidity
Something in the environment that may cause or increase the risk of an adverse health outcome. Exposure
An exposure that is associated with a disease, morbidity, mortality, or adverse health outcome. Risk factor
The number of new cases in a defined population over a defined period of time. Incidence
This is the total number of cases existing in a defined population at a specific time. Prevalence
Expresses the probability that the observed result could have occurred by chance alone. P-Value
p value of 0.05 means what? 5% of the results could be due to chance
Something other than what was being evaluated caused the results. Confounding
Range of values within which the "True Value" falls in. Confidence interval
Any systematic error in the design, conduct, or analysis of a study that results in a mistaken estimate of an exposure's effect on the risk of disease. Bias
The capacity of the agent to enter and multiple in a susceptible host (measured by the secondary attack rate) Infectivity
The capacity of the agent to cause disease in the infected host (measured by the proportion of infected individuals with clinical manifestations) Pathogenicity
The severity of the disease (measured by the proportion of the total cases that are severe or, if the disease is fatal, the case fatality rate) Virulence
The capacity of the agent to produce a toxin. Toxigenicity
The ability of the agent to survive adverse environmental conditions Resistance
The ability of the agent to induce antibody production in the host Antigenicity
The ability to produce specific, long-lasting immunity Immunogenicity
Clinical symptoms have not appeared but disease could still be transmitted Inapparent (asymptomatic) infection
The time interval between exposure and appearance of the first signs and symptoms. Incubation period
The infectious agent may multiply on the host without causing disease Colonization
Created by: 1277880004