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EML 433 Lecture 8

Strategies for Comprehension

KWL What I know, what I want to know, what I learned
How does the literacy teaching focus change for older children? (1+6) Moves from decoding letters and sounds to word building, text structure, fluency & expression, cohesion, genre, comprehension.
What do pre-reading questions do? Allow student and teacher to identify purpose of the reading, estimate time and type of reading needed and relate to authentic practices.
Different ............ are needed for different types of texts? Strategies.
What type of teaching is needed for text-based comprehension? Explicit.
Who benefits from explicit instruction? All learners.
What two comprehension strategies are vital for instruction and learning? Oral and written comprehension.
What oral literacy demands does a teacher need? (6) Active listeners, Repeat instructions in different ways, Open ended q's, Give opportunities for listening and speaking, Wait time, Require talk.
Modelling different forms of questions creates ........ for students? Prompts.
What does a teacher do when they think aloud? Models how answers are constructed.
Why does a teacher need to be aware of the level of their questioning? To identify the language and cognitive demands of the questions.
What are the 5 steps in Tompkins unit of work planning framework? (5) Pre-reading; reading; responding; exploring; applying.
What does the reader-responce framework enable? Strategies to be organised across a longer time period.
What should a unit of work be based upon? A central text or theme.
What is a unit plan? A number of linked lessons that give focused instruction on reading skills or strategies in a modelled/shared, guided lesson.
How long does a unit of work last? Possibly a week.
What is the difference between Winch's 4 cues and Clay's 3 cues? Winch initially separates visual/graphic and phonic cues however later they are referred to as strategies for 3 cues, in line with Clay's terms.
What is the difference between visual cues and visual literacy? Clay's visual RR cues mean graphophonic cues however when talking about multimodal texts visual means pictures and illustrations.
Which approach to teaching literacy is most effective? Research does not indicate that any one method is better however there must be a balanced approach to literacy. (Winch)
What are guided reading groups? Flexible groups of children that change over time as their needs change.
How many students should be in a guided reading group? 4-5.
What should be embedded into a rotating literacy groups? (4) Instructional reading with the teacher, independent reading, small group reading with peers, reading activities group and individual.
What reading strategy should not be used in guided reading groups and why? Reading around the circle, it does not promote active reading from all students and does not engage them in problem solving.
What are the 6 steps in the guided reading process? 1) Select appropriate text 2) Prior knowledge 3) Read-prompting with cues 4) Review/retell 5) Follow up activities 6) Note assessment data.
Why should questions be posed before reading a guided text? Prompt the use of reading skills.
What do basic skills or standardised tests such as NAPLAN or ELLA rely on to assess children's achievement? Comprehension questions at different levels.
How many different levels of comprehension are there? Three.
Why do comprehension skills need to be taught? To teach children to participate in and use text at different levels.
What does comprehension demand on? What you bring to the text (prior experience and knowledge).
What do the different levels of comprehension require? Different cognitive processing.
What are the three levels of comprehension questions? Literal, inferential and analytical (or applied).
What is a literal question? Where the actual words on the page answer the question.
What is an inferential question? Where the reader has to infer the meaning by making connections between elements of the text and prior knowledge.
Level two questions requires reading ........ the lines. Between.
What is a level 3 question require? (2) Requires the reader to apply the meaning or purpose of a text to a wider context and make judgements
What are the three names for a level 3 question? Analytical, applied or evaluative.
Referring to the story of goldilocks- what sort of question is this..."How many bears are there?" Literal.
Referring to the story of goldilocks- what sort of question is this..."Why is baby bear's bed 'just right'?" Because baby bear and goldilocks are the same size.
Referring to the story of goldilocks- what sort of question is this..."Did the three bear have a right to scare goldilocks our of their house?" Analytical.
How do you identify a literal question? Can you underline the answer in the text.
How do you identify an inferential question? Do students infer meaning by linking information from different parts of the text, other texts, the context and their prior knowledge?
How do you identify an applied or analytical question? Do students have to interpret meaning by making judgements and evaluation?
Why are comprehension questions in tests (especially level 2 & 3) problematic? They assume children have similar prior knowledge to draw on to come up with the same answers as the examiners.
What are some strategies to promote comprehension? (6) Cut up text or pictures for sequencing, matching text and pictures, story maps, readers' theatre, dramatise the text, graphic organiser.
What are some types of graphic organisers. (8) Time/series line, T chart, 3 T Chart, Venn diagram, Cross classification, Tri Venn, Spider Gram, Tree Diagram.
Created by: Katellord



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