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History Final

TermDefinition
Teddy Roosevelt and Conservation -Deemed forest and water problems a vital concern -didn't see resources as endless -Set aside acres for forest reserves, exploring mineral and water resources, wildlife sanctuaries and national parks
Significance of The Jungle by Upton Sinclair Portrayed the disgusting conditions prevalent in the meat packing industry
Definition of imperialism Stronger nations extend their economic, political, or military control over weaker nations
Annexation of Hawaii -Hawaii economically important to the U.S. -Hawaii wanted U.S. to annex so they wouldn't have to pay duty to export sugar -U.S. revolution against Queen~Clevland recognized republic of Hawaii ~ McKinley annexed it
Annexation of the Philippines -Mckinley believed we had to educated, uplift and christianize Philippios -Arguments against were political, moral, self-serving -Annexed with passage of Treaty of Paris
Teddy Roosevelt and the Big Stick -Determined to make U.S. the predominant power in the Caribbean and Central America -European powers must not interfere in the western hemisphere -Disorder in Latin America could force U.S. to international police power to protect US economic interests
19th Amendment Extended voting rights to women
Causes of the dust bowl -Over production of crops -Drought -Not enough grass and trees to hold down the soil -Wind storms
Consequences of the dust bowl -People leave their land -California population grew by over 1 million
Causes of the 1930's farm crisis -After the war demand for crops declined but farmers made more in hopes for more profit but they were unable to sell crops -farmers go into debt, lose the farm and cause banks to fail
Causes of the 1929 stock market crash Stock prices were rising and people were buying on margin (down payment but then borrowing the rest from banks) but the stock prices plummeted and people pulled out, causing the prices to keep falling, causing huge amounts of debt
Long term goal of the new deal -Relief for the needy -Economic recovery -Financial reform -Alleviate problems caused by The Great Depression
Why were early New Deal programs such as the Works Progress Administration(WPA) and Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC) successful CCC- Put men aged 18-25 to work. $30 a month, $2 automatically sent away to family. Supplied free food and supplies for workers WPA- Create as many jobs as possible, as quickly as possible ____ they both created jobs when the unemployment rate was high
Consequences of the New Deal Restored faith in banks, improved factory conditions, created social security system; new opportunities for women, Af Am, Mexicans, Native Am Provided: relief to farmers, stimulating economic recovery, helped people with housing, work projects
Goal of American Foreign Policy during the 1930's use isolationism(isolating a country from the affairs of other nations by declining to enter into alliances, seeking to remain at peace by avoiding foreign entanglements and responsibilities)to avoid involvement in another European war
Neutrality Acts Effort to keep U.S out of future wars -3 acts: -outlawed arm sales - outlawed loans to other nations at war - extended ban on arm sales and loans to nations in civil wars
Significance of Pearl Harbor -Declaration of war against Japan -Germany and Italy declared war on the U.S
Allied powers on World war 2 -Great Britain, Soviet Union, U.S. -Opposed the Axis Powers
Axis Powers of Wold War 2 -Japan, Italy, Germany -Opposed the Allied Powers
Major geographic regions World War 2 was fought Germany, Soviet Union, France, Japan, North Africa
Role of women during World War 2 -Women could join the military -Women could now work in factories for producing war products
Results of World War 2 -Economic gains- unemployment fell, saving money, women employment gains -Population shift=housing shortage -social adjustments-mothers take care of children, new families didn't last, returning soldiers can't find work, Af Am gained rights
Causes of Japanese internment during World War 2 To try to stop risks of Japanese-American spies in the U.S
Goal of the Marshall Plan -Provide aid to all European nations that needed it -Nations receiving aid had to remove trade barriers -Had to cooperate economically with one another
How the U.S. responded to the early years of the cold war -Fear of communism took over nation -Loyalty review board-found disloyal people in the government -Accusations thrown at everyone -Mccarthyism
Why the U.S. became involved in the Korean War They joined in attempt to stop another county to fall to communism
Purpose of the GI bill -Guaranteed returning veterans a years unemployment benefits while they look for jobs -Pay part of college tuition -Offered low interest, federally guaranteed loans
Levittowns William Levitt and Henry Kaiser used assembly-line methods to mass produce houses for the housing shortage -affordable single family houses in the suburbs
Cause of the growth of the suburbs in the 1950's -New highways -Affordability of cars and gas made commuting possible -Affordable single family houses -Good schools -Safe, healthy environment for kids
Significane of Brown vs. Board of Education -The ruling that segregation was unconstitutional affected 12 million school kids in 21 states -Officials had mixed feelings about it
Civil Rights tactics in the 1940's and 1950's -Many people fought for civil rights peacefully -MLK, Rosa Parks; sit-ins, freedom riders, march on washington, freedom summer
Martin Luther King's philosophy non-violence
Martin Luther King's tactics -Sit-ins -boycotts -non-violence
Created by: sra0602