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US His Final Sem2

US His Final Sem 2 Dangel

QuestionAnswer
Fascist Leader of Italy-nickname Il Duce Benito Mussolini
Prime Minister of Great Britain at beginning of WWII-believed in appeasement Neville Chamberlain
Japanese Prime Minister-nickname "The Razor" Hideki Tojo
Leader of US bombers that took off from the USS Hornet, flew to Japan and bombed Tokyo James Doolittle
Russian Leader known as "The Great Terror" Joseph Stalin
Prime Minister of Great Britain during WWII Winston Churchill
Nazi leader of Germany during WWII Adolf Hitler
Granting concessions to a potential enemy in the hope that it will maintain peace Appeasement
US could sell, transfer title to, exchange, lease,lend, or otherwise dispose of, to any govern any defense article whenever it was necessary in the interest of the defense of the USA Lend-Lease Act
USA declares war on Japan Dec. 8, 1941
War was none of America's business and the nation should isolate itself from the hostilities of war Isolationist
Japan bombed Pearl Harbor, Hawaii the site of the United States Navy's main Pacific base Dec. 7, 1941
Document that endorsed national self-determination Atlantic Charter
War did affect American interests and the US should intervene in the conflict on the side of the Allies Interventionist
Pilot of the Enola Gay, the bomber that dropped the atomic bomb on Hiroshima, Japan Paul Tibbets chpts. 11
US President during WWII, ordered the dropping of the atomic bomb on Hiroshima, Japan to end the war and save Allied lives Harry Truman
Physicist involved in building the atomic bomb - nicknamed "The Mahattan Project" J. Robert Oppenheimer
Pilot who flew bomber nicknamed "Bockscar" carrying the Fat Man atomic bomb to Nagasaki on August 9, 1945 Charles Sweeney
Bomber called the "Super Fortress" could carry heavier bomb loads, and fly higher and faster than other bombers B-29
Dropping bombs on key political and industrial targets Strategic Bombing
Giving up completely with no concessions Unconditional Surrender
Liberator bomber built in Henry Ford's factory B-24
Dropping massive amounts of bombs in order to inflict maximum Saturation Bombing
Received more medals than any other American in World War II Audie Murphy
Supreme Commander of operations in Europe during Operation Overlord Dwight Eisenhower
African American WWII fighter squadron that escorted bombers to their target and back protecting them from the enemy-never lost a single bomber Tuskegee Airmen
First Japanese city to be bombed by US with the atomic bomb- Aug. 6 1945 Hiroshima
Nazis prosecuted for war crimes Nuremberg Trials
Location on Iwo Jima where American soldiers planted the American flag symbolizing the heroic sacrifice of American soldiers Mt. Surbachi
D-Day, invasion of Europe at 50 mile stretch of beachs in Normandy, France Operation Overlord
Bomber called the "Flying Fortress" B-17
Code name for first detonation of nuclear bomb Trinity
Capturing some islands and ignoring others in a steady path toward Japan Island Hopping
United Nations Secretary General From South Korea Ban Ki Moon
Soviet scientist spy who worked on the nuclear bombs during the Manhattan Project Kraus Fuchs
Japanese officially surrendered on this ship officially ending WWII on Aug 9, 1945 USS Missouri
Location of the building facilities of the atomic bomb Los Alamos, New Mexico
Anticommunism in US that resulted in extreme reckless charges, and irresponsible allegations to discredit single Americans McCarthyism
Made it unlawful to teach or advocate the violent overthrow of the US government Smith Act
US plan to provide grants and loans to European countries to buy food and rebuild after WWII Marshall Plan
Promise to help nations struggling against communism Truman Doctrine
Strongly disaproved Censured
The original "Candy Bomber" dropping chocolate into Berlin attached to small parachutes to children during Berlin Airlift Gail Halvorsen
West Virginian Senator who charged that the US State Department was infested with communist agents Joseph McCarthy
NATO Secretary General who spoke at the 6oth anniversary of VE Day and stated Denmark's cooperation with Nazis was "morally unjustifiable" Anders Fogh Rasmussen
US General who drove North Korean troops out of South Korea Douglas MacArthur
Charged with conspiring to pass secret information about nuclear science to Soviet agents Rosenbergs
World wide rivalry between the US and Soviets-no shots were fired Cold War
First satellite in orbit Oct. 4, 1957-Launched by the Soviets Sputnik I
North Atlantic Treaty Organization NATO
The dropping of candy and gifts by American pilot Gail Halversen to the children within the blockaded city of Berlin during WWII Operation Vittles
National Aeronautics and Space Administration NASA
US would use force to help any Middle Eastern nation threatened by communism Eisenhower Doctrine
Keep Communism contained within its existing borders Containment
A pledge to oppose the integration of public schools and public places Southern Manifesto
People did not have to pay a poll tax anymore to vote 24th Amendment
Students lead by Rev. James Lawson staged a sit-in to protest discrimination at lunch counters and businesses Nashville
Two buses of African American who rode through the South testing the new Supreme Court ruling the separate but equal is illegal Freedom Rides
Symbol of young African American militants Black Panthers
Most segregated city in the south Birmingham
One or more people occupying an area for a protest Sit-ins
Segregation imposed by law De Jure
Assasination of John F. Kennedy in Dallas, Texas Nov. 22, 1963
For over a year black did this to change the rules of where they had to sit Montgomery Bus Boycott
segregation by custom or tradition De Facto
African American radical who converted to Islan while in prison Malcolm X
NAACP's head lawyer Thurgood Marshall
First black American to play major league baseball Jackie Robinson
Chief Justice of Supreme Court when Brown v. Board of Education "Separate but Equal" was determined unconstitutional' Earl Warren
African American seamstress who refused to give her bus sear up to a white person and was throw in jail for this action Rosa Parks
Baptist Minister and Civil Rights leader, preached non-violence Martin Luther King JR.
City in Arkansas that refused to desegregate its public schools by blocking the admittance of black students Little Rock
Gave African Americans citizenship 14th Amendment
Location where one of the Freedom Ride buses was firebombed Anniston
Location of major campaigns to pressure the federal government to enact voting rights legislation-protest climaxed at Edmund Pettus Bridge, incident called "Bloody Sunday" Selma
First director of the FBI J. Edgar Hoover
First African American Supreme Court Justice Strom Thurmond
Birmingham, Alabama's Public Safety Commissioner who used police dogs and fire hoses to break up a peaceful demonstration of children Eugene "Bull" Connor
Assassinated Martin Luther King Jr. James Earl Ray
Assassinated John F. Kennedy Lee Harvey Oswald
President Johnson's economic plan for the US Great Society
Group of young Americans who volunteered to travel to third world countries to help them improve their living conditions Job Corps
The US will be prepared to fight any type of conflict Flexible Response
Health insurance for the poor and disabled under the age of 65 Medicaid
United States successfully landed a man on the moon July 20, 1969
Wall built around Free Berlin to keep Germans from defecting to a democratic nation Berlin Wall
Elementary and Secondary educational programs to provide resources for individuals and schools- also a preschool program Head Start
Federal program that provides vouchers that can be used by poor at stores to purchases food Food Stamps
President Kennedy's economic plan for the United States New Frontier
Health Care for those over 65 years old Medicare
Dallas nightclub owner who killed Lee Harvey Oswald the alleged assassinator of Pres. John F. Kennedy Jack Ruby
Communist leader of Cuba Fidel Castro
United States Army helicopter pilot during the Vietnam War. He is best known for his role in stopping the My Lai Massacre, Hugh Thompson
Group of U.S. Army soldiers attacked and murdered numerous unarmed Vietnamese civilians My Lai Massacre
If one country in the Middle East becomes communist they will all be taken over by communism Domino Theory
Political scandal that lead to the resignation of Pres. Nixon Watergate
Became President when Nixon resigned Gerald Ford
Pres. Reagen's plan to develop innovative defenses to guard the US against nuclear attack Strategic Defense Initiative (SDI or Star Wars)
Phrase coined by Pres. George W. Bush referring to Iraq, Iran, and North Korea because they aggressively pursue weapons of mass destruction Axis of Evil
Created by: sudokken